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It was a significant social event, backlash against the drafting of soldiers for the Civil War
but mainly it centers on social class issues, as wealthier men were able to pay their way out of the draft, so more working class men were targets of the drafts....
It caused blacks and whites to turn on each other because only white men were orced into the Draft as the black men were not considered citizens. They raped and murdered each other and whites that supported blacks were also attacked. The 20th infantry was formed as an all black regiment. See: http:/www.press.uchicago.edu/misc/Chicago/317749.html
see also: http://MAAP.columbia.edu/place/52 UNion Soldiers were called into restore order.
http:/CivilWarhome.com/draftriots.htm Seymour, the NY State Governor despised Lincoln. Lincoln had to come in and take over with his troops who were already fighting a war over the cause of NY Draft Riots.
Basically, Lincoln had to come in and take over from a man who despised him (Gov. Seymour) over something he was already fighting for and trying to stop within our country, not just one state. http:/CivilWarhome.com/DraftRiots.htm
see also: http://MrLincolnandNewYork.org/inside.asp?ID=91&subjectID=4 It talks about the Conscription Act and how Seymour desoised Lincoln because NY had sent the most volunteers and he was looking for more. Note: The Zoaves were NY Volunteers who fought their last battle in Manasses Battlefield on NY Ave near the L. Dolan House in a now non-existent town named Groveton. see link: http://www.zouave.org/origins.htm
I believe there was a 52nd INfantry also, but am having difficulty staying online to find a link.....NJ?..all African American volunteers. There is a photo of them by the school house where the freed children were educated.
It was Massachusettes andit was the 54th Infantry...here is the link that gives specifics: http://readme.readmedia.com/New_York_National_Guard_Honors_African_American_Soldier/961191 This is some good specific information on black men who stood up to fight for their freedom.
The first site I accessed mentions the 20th infantry being all African American, but I couldn't find anything on it yet...only the 54th. It is very famous.
ON this site there is a newspaper clipping of the day of the event: http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/Civil-War/1863/July/New_York_Riots.htm It mentions the New York Colored Orphan Asylum. It was destroyed and the children had to stay at the police staion, I believe.
I also read on LewRockwell.com that people emmigrated to the US one day, became citizens, then had to fight in the Civil War for the rich people who could afford to buy their way out. That is a portion of why the gangs were created and turned on the wealthy who probably brought the slaves here in the first place.
Banks up north financed plantations down south. I think there is a plantation in Yemassee, So. that was burned...Old Sheldon Church. There is a family named "Bull" who has crypts there. I do not know if hey are related to the "Bull Market" in NY. There is also the famous USMC 3 rail crossing there.
see http://sciway.net/clark/beaufort/sheldon.html http://www.NYTimes.com/2000/09/30/arts/Bull_Market_for_Grant_Bear_Market_for_Lee_History_s_Judgement_2_Civil_War.html
William Bull's letter 1739 http://www.carolana.com/SC/governors/wBullsr_letter.htm
This speaks of Fort Bull after the Civil War ended and the 56th Volunteers from NY Feb. 17, 1865 http://www.dicoversouthcarolina.com/products/26402.aspx
http://www.HistoryPlace.com/CivilWar/ On this time-line, you will see the Draft Riots and the 54th Regiment that followed
Here is a UTube link to posters from the Civil War. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uo-HOjRChpc&feature=fvst
I had a link to Farrakhan..he talks about Jewish slave owners c. Civil War.