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Passive voice is when the subject of the sentence is not the thing performing the action/verb. For instance, "a goal was scored" by itself doesn't tell you WHO the performer of the verb ("scored") is.
"The ball was thrown by Sarah." becomes
"Sarah threw the ball."
"During the game, 3 goals were scored by Sarah" becomes
"During the game, Sarah scored 3 goals"
According to "Sarah", she threw the ball and scored 3 goals during the game.