use newton's method to estimate the requested solution of the equation. start with given value of Xo and then give X2 as the estimated solution. 3x^2+2x-1=0; Xo = 1; Find the right-hand solution.

- anonymous

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- amistre64

get the derivative, so you know the slope of the line at x0 = 1

- amistre64

find the value of f(1) so you have a set of coordinates to use for your "equation of the slope" line to find the new "x1" with.

- amistre64

f(1) = 4; (1,4) we will use this to calibrate our line equation with; now we find the slope at f(1)

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## More answers

- anonymous

i see

- amistre64

f'(x) = 6x +2
f'(1) = 8 ; our slope is 8
y = mx+b
4 = 8(1) + b
4 = 8 + (-4)
y = 8x -4 find the root :) the x int and that your "new" X value

- anonymous

with y = to 1 right

- amistre64

when y = 0 we have our x intercept, (x,0) is the x int..

- amistre64

0 = 8x -4
x = 4/8 = 1/2

- anonymous

right. man your awesome

- amistre64

to keep punching along, we use the NEW x value in our original equation and keep getting closer and closer to our "true" root ;) or farther away depending on the nature of the curve

- anonymous

i see. hey is there a way to find the critical points of a function on a calculator instead of using calculus

- amistre64

calculus is the "method" of the math used to find this stuff. calculus is applied to the situation when nothing else can get us there :)
So I would say that it depends on the calculator and the functions that it has. But in the end, they rely upon the principles of calculus to get the answer

- anonymous

true. well maybe since ur smart you can help with a calc problem i have.

- amistre64

the other maths are really applied calculus :) tell me, is the earth round or flat?

- amistre64

i might be able to help....my smarts come and go lol

- amistre64

calculus, in essense, says that in order to figure out a problem you ahve to get close enough to it to "flatten" things out to where we can use our innate understanding of the "flat" world around us :)

- anonymous

Interesting we'll hv to chat more abt that... i'm trying to Find the function with the given derivative whose graph passes through the point P. r'(t) = sec^2t - 4, P(0,0)

- amistre64

that would be an integral. or antiderivative.. same thing different jargon.
[S] sec^2(t) - 4 dt or
\[\int\limits_{}\sec^{2} - 4 dt\]

- amistre64

just like dressing down into the derivative, we just suit up into the integral... they are opposite movements

- amistre64

[S] sec^2(t) dt -4 [S] dt does this make sense?

- anonymous

lol not really. the answer i came up with is sec t - 4t - 4

- amistre64

what function do you know that dress down to a derivative of sec^2?
what function do you know that dress down to a derivative of 1 ?

- anonymous

x^2

- anonymous

no

- anonymous

x

- amistre64

lets check that:....or it looks like you already did

- amistre64

x dresses down to 1
d(1x) = 1 that is correct.
So what do we dress "1" to be?
x right? we just back out of the derivative into the original function right?

- amistre64

-4 [S] dt -> -4t
now for the left part :)
sec^2 came from what? do you recall your trig dervivatives?

- amistre64

I think:
d(tan(x)) = sec^2 did I recall correctly?

- anonymous

i think ur right

- anonymous

so would the answer be tan t - 4t

- amistre64

I think im right to, but Ive been known to be mistaken ;)
so:
[S] sec^2(t) dt suits back up into tan(t)
our original equation is of the form:
f(x) = tan(t) -4t
but that aint it exactly...that just gives us a "family" of curves to choose from...we need to pin this down with a constant

- amistre64

tell me, can 2 different equations have the exact same derivative?
y = 2x^2 + 6
y = 2x^2 -8

- anonymous

yes

- anonymous

right?

- amistre64

that right:
so what we have right now is an equation to a curve that is actually floating up and downthe y axis and we need to pin it down with something....... we do that with a constant (C). like this:
y = tan(t) -4t +C

- amistre64

does that make sense?

- anonymous

so thats the answer

- amistre64

that is getting to our answer, remember they gave us an initial condition that the curve passes thru the point (0,0) right? so lets use this information to find the actaul value for "C".

- anonymous

ok

- amistre64

P(0,0)
0 = tan(0) -4(0) + C
solve for C :)

- anonymous

C would b zero

- amistre64

thats right, but now we "know" for sure :)
so the equation is:
r = tan(t) -4t and were done :)

- anonymous

i like how you make sure i know where the answer is coming from. you would make a great instructor

- amistre64

thanx; I figure that if I show you whats going on under the problem that you might just be able to use it in another place ;)

- anonymous

i'm working on this word problem. "From a thin piece of cardboard 40in. by 40in., square corners are cut oout so that the sides can be folded up to make a box. What dimensions will yield a box of maximum volume? what is the maximum volume rounded to nearest tenth if necessary

- amistre64

like this right?

##### 1 Attachment

- amistre64

Volume is to maximized so we need the formula for the volume of a box:
Do you know what that would be?

- anonymous

length x width x height, right?

- amistre64

thats correct;
when we cut out these corners and fold them up, that is our "height" right? lets call that x..ok?

- amistre64

length and width are equal measurements given the problem, 40 and 40 right?
when we remove "x" from on end and "x" from the other; that makes our sides shorter by x+x.
length then becomes: 40- 2x
and width becomes: 40-2x
lets use this in our formula for volume:
V = (40-2x)(40-2x)(x) we agree?

- anonymous

ok

- anonymous

we can factor out x right

- amistre64

factor out? now, we need to multiply all these together to find the equation for derive :)

- amistre64

so far our box is like this:

##### 1 Attachment

- anonymous

ok

- amistre64

V = (40-2x)(40-2x)(x)
V = 1600x -160x^2 +4x^3 you wanna derive this for me?

- anonymous

sure i got 1600 - 320x + 12x^2

- amistre64

thats right...
now we need to equal that to 0 to find our max and min.... for x :)
4(3x^2 -80x +400) = 0
3x^2 -80x +400 = 0

- amistre64

this gives me 2 numbers: x = 40/3 and x = 20/3

- amistre64

both of these numbers should give us an equal volume of box, but different shapes.

- amistre64

unless I am mistaken, and I think I am with that last one...

- amistre64

plug both of these into our forula stuff and see which is bigger :)

- anonymous

which formula

- amistre64

V = (40-2(40/3)) (40-2(40/3)) (40/2)
V = (40-2(20/3)) (40-2(20/3)) (20/3)
we only have one formula for volume that needs a value for x ;)

- anonymous

20/3 yields a bigger answer

- amistre64

for 40/3 we get 2014.81
.....then 20/3 it is :)

- amistre64

yep, for 20/3 we get 7407.41

- anonymous

i got 4740 for 20/3

- amistre64

yeah, I noticed that I punched in the wrong thing in the calculator :)

- anonymous

so the bigger # is the volume?

- amistre64

yep....when we cut out a corner of "20/3" from each side, we have gotten the maximum volume we can get out of it

- anonymous

cool

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