## anonymous 5 years ago A sphere of mass 50gm and radius 10cm rolls without slipping with a velocity of 5cm/s. Its total kinetic energy in ergs is?

1. anonymous

For rolling w/o slipping, and choosing teh cm of the cm of teh sphere as the rotation point, $K _{total}=K _{transl}+K _{rot}=1/2mv^{2}+1/2I \omega ^{2} = 1/2mv^{2}+1/2(2/5mr ^{2})(v/r)^{2}=7/10 mv^{2}$ You can also choose the point of contact as the rotation point and use teh parallel axis theorem to get the same answer

2. anonymous

how will i do that?

3. anonymous

Choose the point of contact as the rotation point... thus the point of rotation has been moved a distance r from the center of mass of the sphere. Parallel axis theorem says $I _{\parallel} = I _{cm} + mr ^{2}$ where, again, r is the distance the point of rotation has been displaced from the center of mass (cm) of the sphere. Now, all energy is rotational: $K _{total} = K _{rot} = 1/2 I _{\parallel} \omega ^{2}$ $= 1/2 (2/5 mr ^{2} + mr ^{2})*(v/r)^{2}$ $=1/2(7/5 mr ^{2})*(v ^{2}/r ^{2}) = 7/10 mv ^{2}$

4. anonymous

interesting..=)

5. anonymous

8.75x10^(-5) Joule

6. anonymous

You have a combination of linear and rotational KE. These guys are telling you true. P.S. Who uses ergs any more? I haven't heard the term since 1950s sci-fi.

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