I am confused about usage of the article "the". Could any body help? Which of the following sentence is correct?
Inflammation of the nose and sinuses cause sinus headache.
Inflammation of the nose and the sinuses cause sinus headche.
Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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the = definite article
a/an = indefinite article
For example, if I say, "Let's read the book," I mean a specific book. If I say, "Let's read a book," I mean any book rather than a specific book.
In the case of this second sentence, "Inflammation of the nose and the sinuses cause sinus headche.", there is no need for a 'the' to go with sinuses, because these sinuses are not specifice sinuses; the are abstract ones. I also believe that because the sinuses are within 'the nose' that we are refering to a single unit. Hence, in my opinion, the first sentence is the correct one.
Here's another way to explain it: The is used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group. For example, "I just saw the most popular movie of the year." There are many movies, but only one particular movie is the most popular. Therefore, we use the.
The first sentence makes more sense because you are referring to a specific (the reader's) "nose and sinuses" (together, since they are closely linked).
You could say 'the' for each if you are referring to them separately:
"Inflammation of the nose OR the sinuses causes sinus headache."
(Note: that may no longer be correct if BOTH must be inflamed. Otherwise if only one needs to be inflamed to cause sinus headaches, this would be most correct."