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I am confused about usage of the article "the". Could any body help? for instance, which of the following sentence is correct? Inflammation of the nose and sinuses causes sinus headache. or Inflammation of the nose and the sinuses causes sinus headche. Could you suggest a good and simple resource to learn rules regarding article "the"?

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first sentence.
Both sentences are technically correct, however, it sounds more concise to use "the" for the first object in a list rather than being repetitive. When trying to be more formal, "the" is often placed before each object listed. A side note: in the sentence, you're listing 2 objects performing the same action, therefore, the verb is plural. Change "causes" to "cause".
Both sentences are right, but the first is more appealing because it doesn't repeat itself, like Agentjamesbond007 said.

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The first is less wordy and better.
This is a duplicate question. Here are some previous answers: Learnerwp - Group Neophyte the = definite article a/an = indefinite article For example, if I say, "Let's read the book," I mean a specific book. If I say, "Let's read a book," I mean any book rather than a specific book. In the case of this second sentence, "Inflammation of the nose and the sinuses cause sinus headache.", there is no need for a 'the' to go with sinuses, because these sinuses are not specific sinuses; they are abstract ones. I also believe that because the sinuses are within 'the nose', we are referring to a single unit. Hence, in my opinion, the first sentence is the correct one. Here's another way to explain it: 'The' is used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group. For example, "I just saw the most popular movie of the year." There are many movies, but only one particular movie is the most popular. Therefore, we use the. * 7 hours ago ------------------------------------------------------------ BlackholeMind - Group Star Correct. The first sentence makes more sense because you are referring to a specific (the reader's) "nose and sinuses" (together, since they are closely linked). You could say 'the' for each if you are referring to them separately: "Inflammation of the nose OR the sinuses causes sinus headache." (Note: that may no longer be correct if BOTH must be inflamed. Otherwise if only one needs to be inflamed to cause sinus headaches, this would be most correct."
Also, AgentJames suggested changing the verb. Don't. In this sentence "inflammation" is the subject, and is singular. Therefore, "causes" is the correct plural verb. The nose and sinuses are treated as adjectives in this case. See it here, by taking out adjectives: "Inflammation [] causes [] headache."
Again, both sentences are correct, but with such a short sentence you don't want to be repetitive. Maybe this website can help you http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/articlestext.htm

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