## agdgdgdgwngo 3 years ago An ideal liquid with density ρ is poured into a cylindrical vessel with cross section A1 to a level of height h from the bottom, which has an opening of cross section A2. Find the time it takes for the liquid to flow out

1. henkjan

|dw:1324391218466:dw| Ok you have this problem

2. agdgdgdgwngo

quick analysis reveals that time is independent on the density rho, so thats one down

3. henkjan

We can translate the units into units/m2 -rho*v*g => -rho*h*g m*g => rho*g 1/2*rho*v^2 = p*g + p*g*h So that's initially, but in the end h=0. We are gonna view this as a linear problem (not 100% true, but ok. A better assumption would be to take an integral over it). So at the end the formula is: 1/2*rho*v^2 = p*g To get the average velocity, solve this problem. Because you know the volume of the total box (A1*h) and now know the liquid flow (in m/s which multiplied by A2 becomes volume/s)

4. henkjan

The average velocity can be found by combining both formulas: rho*v^2 = 2*p*g + p*g*h

5. henkjan

Wher I say p, I mean rho ;P ... I mix em up sometimes

6. agdgdgdgwngo

after we solve for v, what can we do to obtain ttime?

7. henkjan

You translate V (m/s) into cuubs per second (by multiplying with outlet surface A2). Now you have a box with a fixed volume, that decrease with that rate over time

8. henkjan

I don't usually work with inviscid flow, so maybe your teacher wants a more complicated solution, idk that.. this gives at least a relatively accurate solution

9. agdgdgdgwngo
10. agdgdgdgwngo

im stuck on the very first problem :(

11. henkjan

Always draw before you start your analysis... It makes the problem a lot easier.. I think my solution is the one your teacher is searching for... But you might want to open your book to see if it's done there differently.

12. agdgdgdgwngo
13. henkjan

They've made more assumptions than I did. Haha, dimensional analysis, I've had that a long while back. I don't think I'll be to good at that. I only use it as a check, not as a way to work ;P

14. agdgdgdgwngo

Yeah I don't even understand how they could pull out those assumptions.