- anonymous

In linear equations, how do i know if i should subtract from the right side or the left side?

- schrodinger

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- karatechopper

example..

- anonymous

I like my coefficient for x to remain positive; therefore, if I have
2x + 10 = 12x
I subtract 2x from the left side and if I have
12x + 10 = 2x
I subtract 2x from the right side

- anonymous

3x + 7 = 10x +5
7 = 7x +5
- ^here? ^ or here?

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## More answers

- TuringTest

it really doesn't matter so long as you keep the goal in mind:
get x by itself
pick one and we can continue from there

- anonymous

And how much do i subtract? the whole number or so it remains +/-0?

- anonymous

Ok

- anonymous

so i got 0=7x-2

- anonymous

now i need to divide -2 by 7?

- TuringTest

no, we need the 2 on the other side of the equation
that's what I mean about getting x by itself

- anonymous

Ok so i dont do 0=7x-2?

- TuringTest

if we divide by 7 now we get\[0=x-\frac{2}{7}\]which is okay, we can still solve it from here; but it's a good policy to leave fractions for the end if possible.
so instead add 2 to both sides to make x a little bit more alone.

- anonymous

I dont get it, i get like 0.29..

- TuringTest

leave the answer in fraction form

- anonymous

Oh i see, so i get 2=7x?

- TuringTest

right, now we divide by 7 to isolate x
what is x=?
(leave as a fraction)

- anonymous

I dont know.. 2/7?

- TuringTest

you do know!
lol
shall we do another?

- phi

If you want more info, watch this and the next 2 videos
http://www.khanacademy.org/video/simple-equations?playlist=Algebra

- TuringTest

that's what he's working from phi

- anonymous

What?

- TuringTest

Another?

- anonymous

Sure

- anonymous

Well ill be damned.. it was right!

- TuringTest

got one you want to post? or should I make one up?

- anonymous

wait, ill try the next one. 6x+3=2x+7

- TuringTest

just go ahead and see how far you get

- anonymous

So i subtract 2x from both sides, getting 4x+3=7

- TuringTest

good, then?

- anonymous

Then i subtract 3 from both sides, getting 4x=4

- TuringTest

good, then?

- anonymous

And then i divide 4 by 4 and get 1 as the final answer :D

- karatechopper

:D

- karatechopper

well taught turing:)

- anonymous

TT, you are an awesome teacher!

- TuringTest

tadah! nice
see how you didn't need to ask me which was better, subtract 7 or 3?
you knew by looking that 3 was the smart way to go :)
practice practice...
thanks for the compliment btw

- anonymous

So where do i go on from here?

- TuringTest

have you done ALL the exercises from this section already?

- anonymous

Soon. you mean until i can choose another section right?

- TuringTest

Yes.
It is imperative that you do every problem. This needs to become second nature for you
when you can look at
5x-3=2x+12
and tell me the answer very quickly, with almost no work shown, then you can continue

- anonymous

3/4?

- anonymous

actually 1/3

- TuringTest

nope, better keep working on it.
practice practice...
don't try to get ahead of yourself, if you need to write it and go slowly, do it.
Don't try to shortcut past that.

- anonymous

alright. but i couldnt figure the last one out, it was 6x+6=0

- anonymous

I didnt know what to do there. was it 1 or 0? maybe -6?

- TuringTest

just try the problem and show me your steps
you don't need to tell me what each step is, btw, I can see by looking

- anonymous

it was 9x+9=3x+3
6x+9=3
6x+6=0
6x= -6?

- TuringTest

so now what is the last step to get x all alone?

- karatechopper

tht was correct now show us your next and final step

- anonymous

6/-6?

- karatechopper

perfect

- karatechopper

now simplify that

- anonymous

-1?

- karatechopper

correct

- anonymous

Yes!

- TuringTest

yes, very good
what was the last step?
dividing by...?

- karatechopper

that wasn't too bad now was it!

- anonymous

The number on the right?

- anonymous

dividing the quantity of x by the number on the right side of =?

- anonymous

Other*

- TuringTest

no, that is what I was afraid of...
though you got the right answer, the -6 should have stayed on top.
6x=-6
what do we divide by to isolate x?

- anonymous

-6 with 6?

- TuringTest

it's just one answer:
divide by 6

- TuringTest

let's try something a little different...
solve
xy+7=10
for x

- anonymous

Ok

- TuringTest

Note that above for
6x=-6
we divided both sides by the number next to the x (i.e. 6), that is what I wanted you to see. We do not divide by the number on the right. You will see why in this next problem

- anonymous

1.5 or 2 for x

- anonymous

Ok..

- TuringTest

so now
xy+7=10
you got a number answer? what happened to y?
please show steps.

- karatechopper

@turing does he know what he is solving for?

- TuringTest

solve for x
thanks karate

- karatechopper

anytime turing:)

- anonymous

I thought that x times y would be the answer. since 1.5x2 is 3 (which was needed to make 10) i thought that x would be 1.5 or 2.(the other one being y)

- TuringTest

you are over-thinking Inopeki
just take each step one-by-one
what is the first step?

- anonymous

Determening what i need to make to complete 10

- TuringTest

no
the first step is the same as the others
xy+7=10
subtract 7 from both sides

- TuringTest

what do we have after?

- anonymous

Ah.. xy=3

- TuringTest

good!
now again, we want x by itself.
it looks like x is being multiplied by y, so how can we get x by itself?

- anonymous

Removing y from the equation?

- TuringTest

y cannot leave the equation entirely, we can only shift it to one side.
I mentioned that x was being multiplied by y. Do you know the inverse operation of multiplication?

- anonymous

division?

- TuringTest

right!
and in this case what do we need to divide by to get x by itself?

- anonymous

y with 3?

- TuringTest

close, but what do you mean "divide by y with 3"? that makes no sense
again it can only be one answer
divide by...?

- TuringTest

just to make it visible again:
xy=3
what do we divide by on both sides (one answer to this question)

- anonymous

Ah, divide x and 3 by y?

- TuringTest

YES!!!
and what do we have after?
write the expression.

- anonymous

How can i do that when i dont even know what y is?

- TuringTest

Good question.
write the answer first and I will tell you what it means after.

- anonymous

You mean x/y=3/y?

- TuringTest

close, but on the left x should be by itself, that's why we divided by y right?
so it should be...

- anonymous

I GET IT NOW! because the left side was x times y we needed to isolate x so we divided x with y to reverse the effect. now it is x=3/y

- TuringTest

YES!!!
very good!
but what does it mean...?
as you said y can be any number (except zero, but we'll discuss that later)
so we have
x=3/y
that means we have infinite solutions to this problem. To find what they are plug in various numbers for y.
So what is x if
y=1
y=3
y=10
???

- anonymous

1.5?

- TuringTest

no, its different for each one. Remember that I said there were infinite solutions. just plug in the numbers into the equation
there is no one answer for
x=3/y
so plug in a number for y like
y=1
what is x?

- anonymous

3

- TuringTest

yes!
what about when y=3?

- anonymous

1

- TuringTest

Excellent :)
and y=10?

- anonymous

0.3333333?

- TuringTest

better to leave it as a fraction, but yes

- anonymous

YES! I get it now!

- TuringTest

Great!
so what is going on here?
it looks like we can put any value for y (except zero) and we get a number for x.
THIS IS YOUR FIRST FUNCTION
I told you earlier that a function takes a number as an input (in this case what we put for y is our input) and out pops another number.
So x=3/y
is a formula for x as a function of y.
denoted x=f(y)=3/y
here is a graph of your function
http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=f%28y%29%3D3%2Fy
this line denotes all the points that are solutions.
notice that some of these points (x,y) are
(1,3) (3,1) (10,3/10) etc.
just like you found :)

- anonymous

Whoa, whoa, whoa. You just made this 10x more complicated.

- TuringTest

look all the deal is is that you put in a number for y, you get a number back for x
that's what a function is

- anonymous

Oh! I just made a function?

- TuringTest

Yes. Well actually it was always a function, buit you made it workable.
in this case we would write that x is a function of y.
f(y)=3/y

- anonymous

So f(x) means that you want to pop something for y?

- TuringTest

exactly!
if you want to find f(x) then solve\[xy+7=10\]for x instead of y

- TuringTest

sorry, I meant y instead of x above

- anonymous

So thats what ill be using in quadratic equalities?

- TuringTest

it's one thing you will need in order to understand them.
in general though, you should not be thrown by seeing
f(x)=5x+7
that is just the same situation we had. they are saying that f(x) depends on what number you put in for x.
you may see
'find when f(x)=10 for f(x)=5x+5'
in which case you just use the equation, and put the value of f(x) on the other side of the = sign:
10=5x+5
5=5x
x=1
we can do that for any value of f(x)

- anonymous

Shouldnt x be 2 there?

- TuringTest

where?

- TuringTest

the problem? no follow it closely

- anonymous

Oh nevermind

- anonymous

Can you give me one so i can try?

- TuringTest

sure, solve
5t+2r=3r-4
for r

- anonymous

I see what you are doing, you are trying to flutter up my train of thoughts by replacing x and y with t and r.. hah, itll never work.

- anonymous

flutter?

- TuringTest

good! better get used to it, all kinds of funny symbols in physics :P

- TuringTest

flutter is how they translate the f-word lol

- anonymous

5t+2r=3r-4
5t=r-4
Am i right so far?

- TuringTest

yes, now what?

- anonymous

Well i need you to tell me what t is. Ill just assume it is 1.
5t=9(r)-4?

- TuringTest

no you don't. we are going to get a function out of this because we have two variable and only one eqn.
so how do you isolate r?

- TuringTest

5t=r-4

- anonymous

5t-4=r?

- TuringTest

perfect!
so do you think you can tell me
'what is a function of what'
in this case?

- anonymous

f(t)?

- TuringTest

yes, that's right!
sorry btw, you made a mistake earlier:
5t=r-4
ADD 4 to both sides:
5t+4=r
but you got the fact that this is a function of t, very good.
which variable is a function of t?

- anonymous

r

- anonymous

It must be because 4 is an insteger, right?

- TuringTest

perfect :)
(the integer thing makes no difference. If it was\[r=5t+\sqrt2\]that would be a function as well.
we can write our function as
r=f(t)=5t+4
or we can also write
r(t)=5t+4
both mean that r is a function of t. Same exact thing.
Now I'm going to use the notation
r(t)=5t+4
and I am asking you, what is
f(0)=?
f(1)=?
f(-1)=?

- TuringTest

sorry, I meant
r(t)=5t+4
what is
r(0)=?
r(1)=?
r(-1)=?

- anonymous

I thought we determined that r(0) cant be a variable?

- TuringTest

that was only when the 'independent variable' (that's what we call the t in this case) was in the denominator, because any number divided by zero is undefined (infinity basically)
here we don't have that problem, so just plug in the numbers and see what you get.

- TuringTest

r is called the 'dependent variable' btw, because it 'depends' on what we put for t.

- anonymous

I see

- TuringTest

so find
r(0)
r(1)
and
r(-1)
for
r=5t+4

- anonymous

r(t)=5t+4
what is
r(0)=-1/4
r(1)=1/9
r(-1)=-5

- anonymous

Thats probably really wrong..

- TuringTest

no, show your work...
r(0)=5(0)+4=4
do the same for the others

- anonymous

OH! so (this) is what equals t?

- TuringTest

right!

- anonymous

r(t)=5t+4
what is
r(0)=5(0)+4=4
r(1)=5(1)+4 So it equals 9!
r(-1)=5(-1)+4=-1 ((-5)+4=-1)

- anonymous

That should do it.

- TuringTest

excellent!

- anonymous

YEEEEEEEEES!!!!!!!!

- TuringTest

great, so now you have dealt with two functions today.
do you know how to plot points on a graph?

- anonymous

|dw:1325547966414:dw|

- TuringTest

yes!
now do you know what
r(0)=4 means as a point?

- anonymous

As a point?

- TuringTest

yes, it is the point
(0,4)
we can call the up-down direction on our graph r, and the horizontal direction t.
this way we get a point out of every value of t we put in.
the points (t,r) that we found are then
r(0)=4-->(0,4)
r(1)=9--->(1,9)
r(-1)=-1-->(-1,-1)
^^^don't continue until you understand all this, or at least have tried.

- anonymous

Ok, give me an example and ill try it. like r(2)=4---->2,4?

- TuringTest

here is our graph marked from 0 to 4 in all directions:|dw:1325548510639:dw|can you plot two of the points?
If you want to try some more first that's even better:
-find the point (actually it's called an 'ordered pair') that corresponds to
r(-2)
for
r(t)=5t+4

- TuringTest

Actually, just do the question for now:
-find the ordered pair that corresponds to
r(-2)
for
r(t)=5t+4

- anonymous

r(-2)=5(-2)+4=-6

- TuringTest

good, so what is the ordered pair (t,r) ?

- anonymous

-2,5?

- TuringTest

-2 is right, but where did 5 come from?
that's not the value of r(-2)...
and please put it in parentheses, that is how ordered pairs are written.

- anonymous

I see, (-2,-6)?

- TuringTest

perfect :D
wanna try to graph it yet, or find more ordered pairs?

- anonymous

One more ordered pair would be good.

- TuringTest

ok, find the ordered pairs that correspond to
r(-3)
r(3)
and
r(5)
for r=5x+4

- TuringTest

sorry, you said one more
you can only do one if you want.

- anonymous

Thats alright, ill do all of them.
r(-3)=5(-3)+4=-11 The corresponding pair is (-3,-11)
r(3)=5(3)+4=19 The corresponding pair is (3,19)
r(5)=5(5)+4=29 The corresponding pair is (5,29)

- TuringTest

wow!!!
you are a very fast learner Inopeki, you'll be doing calculus before you know it ;)
so shall we try to graph it now?

- anonymous

YES! Thanks, the teacher is just as important though! Sure.

- TuringTest

thanks for that :D
so let's lay out some points that might fit on our graph:
r(-1)=-1->(-1,-1)
r(0)=4-->(0,4)
can you plot those points onto this graph?|dw:1325549886229:dw|(use 'reply with drawing')

- anonymous

|dw:1325549850006:dw|

- TuringTest

just put dots at their coordinates:|dw:1325550068136:dw|now because this graph is linear, what will we connect those two points by?

- anonymous

|dw:1325550114671:dw|

- TuringTest

good, but the line goes on to infinity in both directions:|dw:1325550191308:dw|the arrows mean it keeps going.
Good job though you have the idea.
Here is a plot of our graph on two different scales:
http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=r%28t%29%3D5t%2B4
it doesn't look exactly like ours, but that is only because they made the increments of r larger because the graph is so steep. They wanted to fit more on there.

- anonymous

So now what?

- TuringTest

you can see on the graph I linked you to that the point (1,9) is on there, just as it should be.
It also looks like the graph shows that the point (-0.8,0) should be as well.
Why don't you see if you can show that the point
(-0.8,0)
is on our graph. Any idea how to do that?

- anonymous

|dw:1325550664006:dw|

- anonymous

NO! WAIT!

- TuringTest

no, we want to do it mathematically, not graphically.
Questions should only be answered graphically if they specifically request it.
got a better way to show that (-0.8,0) is a point?

- anonymous

Oh...

- TuringTest

well that is the graphic solution, and it looks like you are right.
But we want to PROVE that you are right. so how can we do that?
think about this: if (-0.8,0) is a point on the graph of r=5t+4
then what should
r(-0.8)=?

- anonymous

r(0.8)=t(0.8)?
r(0.8)=t(0)+0.8?

- anonymous

oh wait, ill take that bacl

- TuringTest

that's a point in the middle, not a comma,
and it's negative: t=-0.8
go again!

- anonymous

Should i follow r=5t+4?

- TuringTest

yep :)

- anonymous

Ohhh..
r(-0.8)=(-0.8)+4=3.2?

- TuringTest

what happened to the 5?
r=5t+4

- anonymous

Oh right, i knew i forgot something.
r(-0.8)=5(-0.8)+4=0!

- TuringTest

which makes sense right?
the ordered pair corresponding to that is
(-0.8,0)
which is what we wanted to prove, that this point is on the graph.
Awesome job!

- anonymous

Thanks!

- TuringTest

I'm sure you've learned a lot today, please continue on your own working off khan academy.
I do have to eat and stuff, so I'll catch you later.
Again, super job! Keep practicing :D

- anonymous

Alright :( Well thanks for all your help! It was really fun! Where do i start at khan now?

- TuringTest

did you finish ALL of that other lecture and problems?
if you really finished it all, then you should do the next-to-last one that James gave you, then the first one he gave you.
Most importantly, keep working on moving the symbols around. If you run out of exercises here are some to keep you busy.
solve:
13+s/p=2
for p
5qr+6=qr/2
for q
z/t+z=4t
for z
You shouldn't be able to do those so easily, as they involve factoring and such. If they give you too much trouble continue with the links James sent you.
See you later tonight maybe, otherwise perhaps tomorrow. Good luck!

- TuringTest

Here it is a little more clear. Again, if you can't do it it's okay.
solve\[13+\frac{s}{p}=2\]for p\[5qr+6=\frac{qr}{2}\]for q\[\frac{z}{t}+z=4t\]for z

- anonymous

The 3 he gave me were linear equations 3, intro to the quadratic equation and simple equations, im soon finished with linear and then im gonna start with quadratic

- anonymous

Wait, on the first one i need to do this: 13= s/p-2 right?

- TuringTest

actually the first step on the first one is
1)multiply both sides by p
the last one above will have a 'squared' term in it, so you may need the lectures first, I don't know.
you're on the way to being a physicist, step-by-step
again, good luck!

- anonymous

Thanks :)

- anonymous

p(13)=2(13)+2=28?
What is s? Ill say 2.
\[28/13\approx2.15\]

- anonymous

5qr+6=qr2
4qr+6=qr
I can now determine that q*r is negative because otherwise 4qr+6=qr
The possibilities of what q and r are endless, what now?

- anonymous

TT?

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