anonymous
  • anonymous
Please help with integration attachment.
Mathematics
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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schrodinger
  • schrodinger
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TuringTest
  • TuringTest
here we go again, eh?
anonymous
  • anonymous
Lol!
1 Attachment
TuringTest
  • TuringTest
I've never seen a problem like this before...

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anonymous
  • anonymous
i dont even know where to start. The professor says its supoosed to be challenging.
TuringTest
  • TuringTest
I figure if I can make an expression for x and y at various points I can get the slope of the line L, which is the value of the derivative. |dw:1326841893689:dw|The figure lets me get L-x for the horizontal side of the triangle, but what is the height?I don't know if I'm headed in the right direction, since what I called P is a function of x... But if I could get two coordinate values I suppose I could make a formula for the slope of the line L, which would be f'(x) Toughie...
anonymous
  • anonymous
Ok, i'll see what i can work out with that idea.
anonymous
  • anonymous
Thank you!
TuringTest
  • TuringTest
I summoned someone smarter than I. Hopefully he will show up and save us.
anonymous
  • anonymous
Actually, I just noticed that my battery is about to die, so i have to go. :( Thank you all the same! :)
TuringTest
  • TuringTest
well help has arrived, so perhaps it will be solved when you return
anonymous
  • anonymous
I've seen this problem before, give me a few minutes and I think I'll have an answer for you Xylienda
anonymous
  • anonymous
ok
anonymous
  • anonymous
I have that \[f'(x)=-\frac{\sqrt{L^2-x^2}}{x}\] This is time-consuming, though not too hard, function to integrate, but wolfram gives the integrated function as \[f(x)=L \ln \frac{L+\sqrt{L^2-x^2}}{x}-\sqrt{L^2-x^2}\] I'll type up the solution in a moment.
anonymous
  • anonymous
ok
anonymous
  • anonymous
Sorry for the wait, just had to remember how I got the negative sign in there :) Okay, first some notation: let (0,p) be the point on the y-axis that the man is standing at. We are going to let f(m) be the equation of the tractrix itself, so f'(m) will be its derivative. Now, the most important part of the problem is to note that the length of the rope is constant (it is always L). Thus, when the man is at point (0,p) and the boat is at (m,f(m)), we have that \[L=\sqrt{(p-f(m))^2+m^2}\] Rearranging a bit gives \[p-f(m)=\sqrt{L^2-m^2}\] Now, consider the fact that the rope is always the tangent line to the tractrix at a given time. The slope of the line is just f'(m) and the y-intercept is p, giving you \[y=f'(m)x+p\] Since (m,f(m)) is also a point on this line, you then have \[f(m)=f'(m)m+p\] Plugging this in to the above equation gives \[-f'(m)m=\sqrt{L^2-m^2}\] or \[f'(m)=-\frac{\sqrt{L^2-m^2}}{m}\]
TuringTest
  • TuringTest
So I guess I wasn't too far off. In my pic I should have called L-x just x then it's easy to see that the base of the triangle is x, and that it will all be negative because it angles down. By that logic I would have wound up with the right formula for f'(x). I don't feel so bad now :)
anonymous
  • anonymous
Ok. Thank you both for your help. I'll definitely study this, but my laptop is threatening to hibernate.
anonymous
  • anonymous
Bye!

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