Compare the structure and numbers of subatomic particles in an electrically neutral atom of carbon and an isotope of carbon.
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carbon-12 vs. carbon-13. How many protons, neutrons, and electrons do those 2 atoms have?
Carbon-12 has 6 protons neutrons and electrons, carbon-13 has 6 protons, 6 electrons, and 7 neutrons.
That's it. In terms of structure, where are those 3 pieces located?
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I have no idea.
Hint: They can either be located in the nucleus or orbitals!
Are neutrons in the nucleas and protons and electrons in the orbitals?
protons and neutrons are both big, heavy objects...
So carbon-13 would be heavier since it has 7 neutrons....?
true, and where are those neutrons and protons found?
They're found in the nucleus, right?
Correct. The protons and neutrons provide (nearly) all the atom's mass located at the nucleus, while the electrons occupy the empty space around the nucleus in their various orbitals.
So the answer would be something like this..?
Carbon-12 has 6 protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Carbon-13 has 6 protons, electrons, and 7 neutrons.
So Carbon-13 would be heavier since it has 7 neutrons.
Neutrons and protons are found in the nucleus.
The protons and neutrons provide mostly all of the atom's mass located at the nucleus, while electrons occupy the empty space around in the nucleus in various orbitals.