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Acts, Bills, and Laws, Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings - 1791 No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. The final phrases of the Fifth Amendment established the limitations on the principle of eminent domain.
kerestina you cite the 5th amendment. kasiciera was asking about the 14th amendment which pertains to civil rights. It defines US citizenship, rules that citizens cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process, and requires states to provide equal protection for all citizens of the state.