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Absolutism absolute power- unlimited power held by one person divine right- belief that a ruler has absolute power(chosen by gods) Russia- Peter the Great "window to the west" Succeeds as Czar grandson of michael Romanov goal is to make russia a european power central europe (slow development) Weak government & poor democracy CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY(LIMITED MONARCHY) England-tudor/stuart monarchs Elizabeth I Promotes importance of social rank Queen Nobles Gentry- middle class yeo mean Poor laws- local areas responsible for their own homeless MAry queen of scots- Elizabeths Cousin Protestants fears she would replace Elizabeth and bring back catholic accused of plotting catholics against elizabteth Elizabeth executes Mary James I(protastant) Son of Mary Starts Stuart Dynasty Unites Scotland and England Charles I- English Civil War King Denied $ by parliament Dissolve parliament( gets rid of) Conflict with Puritans leads to english civil war Captured and Beheaded Cromwell- Puritan Reforms/Commonwealth Habeas Corpus- judge must specify charges Crush Irish Rebellion Lord Protector( Dictator ship End monarchy and dissolve house of lords Charles II- Restoration of Monarchy Restores Stuarts James II(brother of Charles II) People tired of Puritain rule William & mary- glorious revolution Result-limited monarchy Overthrow James II in bloodless Rev. SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Scientific Method- NEw proven theories through reason Advances in sciences ENLIGHTENMENT Pre Revolutionary governments fail to meet needs of people Enlightenment & renaissance similar= accept humanist view French Philosophers- Individual Rights/ Government by the people locke- Natural rights Montesquieu- separation of powers/ the spirit of laws government into 3 branches Hobbes- Social contract People are greedy and selfish Powerful government= peaceful society Rousseau- General will (social contract) Perfect society= people make and obey the laws Voltaire- Freedom of thought FRENCH REVOLUTION Causes 3RD estate burdened Storming the Bastille- attack old Regime Effects power shift to Bourgeoisie Napoleon- offers stability Domestic Policy Code of Law Censorship Foreign policy- Wars Invasion of russia- biggest defeat CONGRESS OF VIENA Goals "turn the clock back" restore Europe Nationalism Self-government independence Latin America Strict social hierarchy (peninsulares, creoles, Mestizos) Unification of Italy & Germany upset balance of power unite countries Old empires fall apart Austria- Hungary ottoman empire INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Begin in England (spread to other countries)- Many harbors/ resources Supply & demand Urbanization Capitalism Adam Smith- Laissez faire Communism Karl marx & frederick Engels workers control means of production history of continus struggle between classes Effects Labor unions and reforms The middle class increases Imperialism 3 types of control Colony Sphere of Influence Protectorate Sepoy mutiny/ boxer rebellion Common goal to remove foreign influences
Looks good and thorough.
but in my opinion this migth help ya
hey what was the enlightment period?
Although I did not review this outline in full, I liked your approach and found it to cover most topics that I would have included. Good for you. wmw