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catsrule332

  • 4 years ago

A ball is thrown straight up at 15m/s. How long does the ball take to reach apex? What is the ball's total time of flight?

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  1. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    \[v^2=v_0^2-2gh\] v=0 v_0=15 find h then use this formula to find out t \[h=v _{i}t-\frac12g t^2\]

  2. catsrule332
    • 4 years ago
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    I found the total time it takes the ball to reach the apex but can't find the total time in flight?

  3. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    it is 2 times reach to apex

  4. catsrule332
    • 4 years ago
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    awesome! thanks

  5. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    there is something wrong

  6. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    what did you find t

  7. catsrule332
    • 4 years ago
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    1.5 s and total time 3 s

  8. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    how about h?

  9. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    is it 11.5

  10. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    because t is not real, it is complex..

  11. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    its initial speed is 15 right, can you check it again?

  12. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    actually there is a formula which says how long take to reach apex it is t=v_i/g t=15/9.8=1.5 sec and there for you seem to right..

  13. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    but I'am still curies why that eq. did not work

  14. JamesJ
    • 4 years ago
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    Yes, you actually don't need to find the height which is reaches. You have that v(t) = u - gt where v(t) is the velocity in the vertical direction at time t and g is gravitational accel

  15. JamesJ
    • 4 years ago
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    hence it's at the apex when v(t) = 0.

  16. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    what if I want to solve problem using by those formulas, it must be worked, where am I making wrong?

  17. JamesJ
    • 4 years ago
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    Using g = 10 m/s^2, the max height is given by 2gh = v^2 h = v^2/2g = 15^2/20 = 11.25 Now there is a solution to the position equation h = vt - gt^2/2 i.e., 11.25 = 15t - 10t^2 That solution is t = 1.5

  18. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    no it is complex, and when I put t=1.5 right side is 0 left side is 11.25 and also \[\Delta <0\]

  19. JamesJ
    • 4 years ago
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    Right. I should have written not 10t^2, but 5t^2, because the coefficient of t^2 is g/2, not g. Hence the equation is \[ 11.25 = 15t - 5t^2 \] which is equivalent to \[ 5t^2 - 15t + 11.25 = 0 \] and that quadratic has discriminant of \[ \Delta = (-15)^2 - 4(5)(11.25) = 0 \]

  20. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    that's interesting when I accept g=9.8 it is not real

  21. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=4.9t^2+-+15t+%2B+11.5+%3D+0

  22. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    maybe their teacher said them to take g=10

  23. chuchay
    • 4 years ago
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    what is the formula use in pascal's law?

  24. JamesJ
    • 4 years ago
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    If you use any value of g > 0, we from the Conservation of Energy that \[ v_i^2 = 2gh \] and hence \[ h = \frac{v_i^2}{2g} \] Now, in the kinematic equation of motion, \[ h = v_i t - \frac{g}{2}t^2 \] hence \[ \frac{v_i^2}{2g} = v_it - \frac{g}{2}t^2 \] which is equivalent to \[ \frac{g}{2}t^2 - v_it + \frac{v_i^2}{2g} = 0 \] or in other words \[ t^2 - \frac{2v_i}{g} t + \frac{v_i^2}{g^2} = 0 \] For this quadratic the discriminant is \[ \Delta = \frac{4v_i^2}{g^2} - \frac{4v_i^2}{g^2} = 0 \] and therefore the (double) root is \[ t = \frac{v_i}{g} \] Hence the ability to make these equations consistent is completely independent of both the value of \( g \) and the initial velocity \( v_i \). That is just as well, as there is absolutely no physical reason why they shouldn't be. What I think you're doing wrong, @cinar, is using different values of g in both places. Pick any value you like, such as 9.8 m/s^2, find the corresponding value of h, and then find the time using the _same_ value of g.

  25. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    I got it now because when I calculate h, I rounded it 11.5 but it s not h=11.479591836735

  26. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    for h=11.479591836735 http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=4.9t^2+-+15t+%2B+11.479591836735+%3D+0

  27. cinar
    • 4 years ago
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    I see the difference now for h=11.479591836734693877551020408163 http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=4.9t^2+-+15t+%2B+11.479591836734693877551020408163%3D+0

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