anonymous
  • anonymous
how do i solve: 49.51cosx - 30sinx = 1.22625
Engineering
jamiebookeater
  • jamiebookeater
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anonymous
  • anonymous
There are a number of ways, some better than others. The easiest is probably graphing it using a graphing calculator and looking for the points at which is crosses the x axis, these will be your possible values for x. You could also use a solve function on your calculator (assuming it has one). Plugging the equation into Wolfram Alpha would also work. Or you could use something like Newton's Method to get a very close approximate solution. Newton's method will be the most difficult of what I've mentioned, but learning how to do it will also be the most useful in the long run. Of course you do need to know how to take the derivative of the function in order to use Newton's method. If you haven't taken calculus yet, it won't help you.
anonymous
  • anonymous
lol i'll just let technology do i rather than doing the newton-raphson method. thanks for the help though, i would have never thought of solving it with using the newton raphson method
anonymous
  • anonymous
the general procedure for solving a*sinx+b*cosx=c is,\[\frac a{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}sinx+\frac b{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}cosx=\frac c{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}.......(1) \]now let,\[\frac a{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}=\sin{\alpha}, \therefore \frac b{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}=\cos{\alpha}\] now from (1) we get,\[\sin{\alpha}sinx+\cos{\alpha}cosx=\frac c{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}\]\[\cos(x-\alpha)=\frac c{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}}\]so, \[x=\alpha +\cos^{-1}(\frac c{\sqrt{a^2+b^2}})\]provided \[|c|\leq \sqrt{a^2+b^2}\]otherwise no solution possible.

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