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aakash2510

  • 2 years ago

anyone...nitration of aniline???

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  1. fortheloveofscience
    • 2 years ago
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    the products are meta,para and ortho aniline....because the nitration of aniline involves anilinium ion which is meta directing

  2. shankvee\
    • 2 years ago
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    In nitration you add two concentrated acids:- HNO3 and H2SO4 both strong acids. Always the acid base neutralization reactions are fastest. Even though NH2 group in aniline is a weak base , its neutraliztion with a very strong acid is still faster than nitration. Hencee if you carry the acid base reaction(Basically a protonation of the N group), you would end up with an NH3+ group attached to benzene which is deactivating. Hence the meta substitution cannot be ruled out here and you would get all products ortho, meta and para.

  3. aakash2510
    • 2 years ago
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    which one is the major one????

  4. shankvee\
    • 2 years ago
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    There's no clear major. I'm not too sure of the percentages but i think you get 40%para , 45% meta and 15% ortho.

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