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hg N2O4 (g) 2NO2 (g) 3O2 (g) + 2KCl (s) 2KClO3 (s) C2H5OH (l) + 3O2 (g) 2CO2 (g) + 3H2O (g) H2O (l) H2O (g)
Do you know what a decrease in entropy means?
Yes. It means that the amount of randomness decreases eighter by the movement or amount of moleues
But its hard to tell from these equATIONS
Now, see if I lump two free molecules(which had a lot randomness) into a single molecule of more weight, which will have more entropy(randomness), the two free molecules, or the resultant single heavier molecule? Did you get my question?
Uhh. are you asking which would be heavier
I get what you're saying in the first half but when you asked it looks like you left out th word "what" so I couldn't really see what you are asking
No, I am asking which one will move more easily i.e which will have more randomness. Of course, the single molecules formed as a product will be heavier than either of the reactants.
Is it this one? 3O2 (g) + 2KCl (s) 2KClO3 (s)
Yes. Do you understand why? Two reactants combine to form a single product of more weight. This restricts movement.(It is difficult for a heavier particle to move). So, it has less entropy
OHhh I got ya. So if it decreases we are looking for more of a solid or a more combined molecule. And if it increases we are looking for more seperation. Is this right>
one thing...Which of the following changes will always be true for a spontaneous reaction? Would this be 1deltaG
Im sorry -1deltaG
Yes, whenever Gibb's Free Energy is negative, the reaction is spontaneous. Because then the change in enthalpy is negative. This means that the products are more stable than the reactants.
And would boiling water be an example of an increase in entropy? or these filtering sand out of a sample of water synthesizing water from hydrogen and oxygen
Boiling water converts liquid water into gaseous water vapour. As the particles in a gas have more randomness, there is an increase in entropy. Synthesizing water from hydrogen and oxygen is again one case where two molecules lump together to form a heavier molecule. So what do you think?