A compound is a pure substance that is composed of more than one type of element. Which of the following statements is true of compounds?
Compounds can be decomposed into their component parts through physical processes.
There is only one type of compound, so they all have similar characteristics and compositions.
Compounds have definite chemical compositions that can be described by chemical formulas.
Compounds have properties which are identical to the properties of their component elements.
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What's an example of compound?
Water is an example of a compound. Water is two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen molecule: \( H_2O \).
Table salt is another, \(NaCl \) a sodium and chlorine atom.
Hence the second statement, "There is only one type of compound, so they all have similar characteristics and compositions" is false
What about the fourth statement,
"Compounds have properties which are identical to the properties of their component elements" ?