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In this thread, check out jagatuba's second answer and then scroll down to nearly the end and read his second-to-last answer ("lecture 116") -- http://openstudy.com/users/matt6288#/updates/4f689be1e4b0f81dfbb57a42 That ought to get you started.
There is not a "formula" for a good essay; however, a good essay has structural characteristics. Essays must flow so ideas from one paragraph mix, meld, and lead to the next. It is important to find groups that can be used in conjunction with each other. The introduction typically contains brief background information (in this case it might be descriptions about India and the US) with the thesis and organizing statement last. Each of your body paragraphs then can elaborate. Each body paragraph should have a topic sentence. Depending on the essay, a conclusion may or may not be needed. However, it is always good to have a clincher that wraps up your points with finality :) Some ideas for your essay could be: Youth as the next generation in each country and the efforts each country is making to inspire the youth. Youth as the decisive element of the country's future. Each country's degree of educational investment in youth. Social traditions regarding youth. Good luck! :)
Thanks Redwood_Girl and wombat .... I'm thinking on the lines of this essay http://ravinitesh.blogspot.in/2012/02/rule-by-people-how-civil-society-makes.html
So . . . you want to emulate the style of this essay? That will be up to you, as you work to develop your own voice. You can choose your models for tone and style. I don't know that this one is organized well enough of you to want to mimic it, but then I have only glanced through part of it. Back to your original question. You want to focus on "the similarities and differences between India and America," presumably with respect to civil society in each. You want to look also at the "changing face of civil society," so, again, presumably in both countries. And you want "to highlight the role of youth" (in each country, I assume), and the way in which the two countries are strengthening their respective civil societies. I don't know anything about this topic, but that sounds like a lot. You will need to do considerable research to adequately address the topic. You won't be able simply to interview one person and then record that person's thoughts, as seems to be the case in this "Rule by the people" essay. In this essay, the writer has written the opening and the closing paragraphs only. The rest is taken from some sort of interview. In the process of researching the topic, as you gather information from various sources and various perspectives, you will begin to develop a more nuanced understanding of the material. It is this process that will help you to winnow down your topic to the major points you would like to cover (which may or may not be those you have in mind now), and how you will support those points. The organization will arise out of this exploration. You can certainly begin your research by asking folks here for suggestions, but this ought by no means be your only avenue of research! Once you have some points, if you want to seek counterarguments, you *might* find some of those here. A better bet is to seek input during the writing process itself. Once you have done your research and have your rough notes, if you need help putting those notes into order for a rough draft, you might find folks here who can help you with that. Once you have a first draft, you can solicit feedback here. And so on. Does that make sense?
Redwood_Girl is definitely right. I haven't read the link above; however, her (i'm assuming gender) points are valid in the sense that your own arguments should come from you. Other individuals cannot simply plant an idea in your head (Inception) and hope that it works. In order for your writing to be smooth and fluent, it is imperative that you develop your own ideas. It is perfectly fine to take ideas from others, mold them using your own experiences, then develop your own unique ideas. So have at it and remember to search yourself for what you are truly trying to express; that is what writing is all about :)
Thanks again !!