Among the bacteria and archaea, which process produces results that are most similar to the results of sexual reproduction in eukaryotes and why?
A. binary fission, because it is used to produce identical daughter cells
B. conjugation, because one cell trades genetic material directly with another cell
C. transduction, because genes are added to the cell through an intermediary
D. transformation, because the cell picks up genes from its environment
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I would answer B. because this process implies the intimate union of two cells of different "sex" although in the baceria world there is no such thing as sex but there is this Factor F that passes from one cell to the other through the pili. this factor F is a plasmid, then the cell that accepted this factor becomes the F´.
this is a hint, it will be better if now you look into a genetics or microbiology book to discover all of its secrets...lot of fun just waiting for you!!