Quantcast

A community for students. Sign up today!

Here's the question you clicked on:

55 members online
  • 0 replying
  • 0 viewing

GOODMAN

  • 2 years ago

A bank contains 3 pennies, 8nickels, 4 dimes, and 10 quarters. Two coins are selected at random. Find the probability of each selection: A) P(2 pennies) B) P(1 nickel and 1 dime) Please explain how you did it, thanks! :D

  • This Question is Closed
  1. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    You have 3+8+4+10=25 coins total. Thus, P(2 pennies) = \[{3 \over 25}\cdot {2 \over 24}\]And P(1 nickel and 1 dime)=\[{8 \over 25} \cdot {4 \over 24} + {4 \over 25}\cdot{8 \over 24}\]

  2. GOODMAN
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    See, i tried all that, but i ended up being wrong :(

  3. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    For A, I got it by multiplying the probability of getting a penny on the first try, and on the second try. For B, it's the probability of getting a nickel on the first try times the probability of getting a dime on the second try added to the probability of getting a dime the first try, and a nickel the second try.

  4. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    So the answer I gave doesn't work?

  5. GOODMAN
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    No, KingGeorge, i think you are correct, because i did it Luis's way, and i got it incorrect.

  6. GOODMAN
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    I understand A. But im a little confused on B.

  7. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    An alternative way to look at this problem, is that both coins are selected simultaneously, and it's asking for the probability that we got those combinations. In that case, the answers should be as follows A: \[\Large {3\over \binom{25}{2}}\] Since you have 3 ways of choosing 2 pennies from 3, divided by the total number of ways to choose 2 coins. B.\[\Large {{8\cdot4} \over \binom{25}{2}}\]Sicne you have 8 ways of choosing one nickel, and 4 ways of choosing 1 dime. Then you divide by total number of possibilities.

  8. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    A better explanation of my first solution for B. would be as such. My first method of solving requires that you pick one coin first, and then the second one. This is why I'm adding two terms. The first term is the probability that we chose the nickel first and then the dime, and this is different from the probability that we chose the dime first and then the nickel. Since these are distinct probabilities, we have to add them together.

  9. GOODMAN
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    About the first way you explained it, why did you add them together? Dont you just get one of the products?

  10. GOODMAN
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    Ohh, because in combinations, order doesnt matter, so it could be either way, a nickel then dime or a dime and nickel. Is that correct and is that why we have to add them together?

  11. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    Exactly.

  12. GOODMAN
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    Okay, i see now, thanks a ton!!

  13. KingGeorge
    • 2 years ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 2

    no problem

  14. Not the answer you are looking for?
    Search for more explanations.

    Search OpenStudy
    • Attachments:

Ask your own question

Ask a Question
Find more explanations on OpenStudy

Your question is ready. Sign up for free to start getting answers.

spraguer (Moderator)
5 → View Detailed Profile

is replying to Can someone tell me what button the professor is hitting...

23

  • Teamwork 19 Teammate
  • Problem Solving 19 Hero
  • You have blocked this person.
  • ✔ You're a fan Checking fan status...

Thanks for being so helpful in mathematics. If you are getting quality help, make sure you spread the word about OpenStudy.

This is the testimonial you wrote.
You haven't written a testimonial for Owlfred.