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Is this an essay question or something because this could have a lot of answers, haha. Some people say Reagan played a massive role in ending the Cold War in proving that the "missile gap" between the USSR and US was actually the other way around by outgunning the Soviets through his "Star Wars" program. Otherwise, the USSR kind of self-destructed in a lot of ways.
Itussion for my World History class. I do online schooling and I got kind of confused by it.
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But yeah, Gorbachev buckled in several ways towards the US by actually letting the Berlin wall be torn down. Additionally, the Soviet Union showed itself to be weaker than the US in the Cuban Missile Crisis when it relented and pulled its missiles out of Cuba, which put the USSR in a weaker perspective internationally.
The success of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) following World War II and the Marshall Plan also helped make the USSR look bad because W. Berlin was comparatively very, VERY wealthy when looking at East Germany and showed in some ways that Capitalism was a more successful system to the world.
When the sovient union formed, russia and the bulk of the country that formed the soviet union were third world economies, and, for them to embrace a marxism without going through industrialization was their first and final mistake. Likewise, they sunk more money into the nuclear program than they had to spend all the while they let their people starve. They were never the threat we thought they were and their economy was third world, and still is. The awe of capitalism was just too great, and to compete, they acquiesced.
The Soviet Union fell due to a culmination of several different people and events. Kruschev's policies caused internal dissent that fermented an atmosphere of tension and hate towards the government. After him, Gorbachev made some "New Thinking" policies that enabled reform movements to grow. Perestroika and glasnot served as key things to letting people express their feelings to the government. Glasnot was the policy that enabled Soviet citizens to criticize the government. With this new right, people began to grow more bold and pointed out the flaws of the Soviet system. Nationalistic uprisings resulted in states breaking off the Soviet Union to create their own governments. Communist regimes that had initially been propped up by the SU were replaced by more democratic ones. The weakening economy of the SU also created domestic problems. Communism fell primarily because of the economic and political superiority of the West.