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Callisto

Formulas and Identities #1 Question 31 Consider the identity \(x^{99}-1 ≡ (x^2-1)P(x) + Cx+D\), where P(x) is a polynomial in x. Find the values of C and D

  • one year ago
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  1. dpaInc
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    C=1, D=-1 ???

    • one year ago
  2. Callisto
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    Bingo ... How did you get it?!?

    • one year ago
  3. dpaInc
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    silly me... i wrote the proof of it on the margin of my notebook and now i can't find it....:(

    • one year ago
  4. dpaInc
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    substitute x=1 , and you'll get the equation: 0 = C + D substitute x=-1, and you'll get the equation: -2 = -C + D now solve the system...

    • one year ago
  5. Callisto
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    ..... Silly me....

    • one year ago
  6. yakeyglee
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    Well, I don't really see an easy way to do this, so I guess I'll attempt it by "brute force". Let us generically define \(P(x)\) as follows. I think it's pretty clear that it will be of order 97\[P(x) = a_0 + a_1 x + a_2 x^2 + \cdots a_{97} x^{97}\]Multiplying \(x^2-1\) gives us the following.\[(x^2-1)P(x) = x^2P(x)-P(x) =\]\[= -a_0 - a_1 x + (a_0 - a_2)x^2 + \cdots (a_{95}-a_{97})x^{97}-a_{96}x^{98}-a_{97}x^{99} \]Now, let's add \(Cx+D\).\[x^{99}-1=(C-a_0) + (D-a_1) x + (a_0 - a_2)x^2 + \cdots (a_{95}-a_{97})x^{97}-a_{96}x^{98}-a_{97}x^{99}\]By comparing the coefficients on the left and the right, we can write the following system of many equations.\[\begin{align} C-a_0 &= -1 \\D-a_1 &=0 \\ a_0-a_2&=0 \\ &\vdots \\ a_{98}&=0 \\ a_{99}&= 1 \end{align}\]That gives \(C=-1\) and \(D=0\). Hmm.... I'd go with the simpler method above lol.

    • one year ago
  7. Callisto
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    Thanks!!

    • one year ago
  8. yakeyglee
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    Actually, kidding; it does give the same answer...I just was erronous in writing my system of equations... the last two subscripts should be 96 ad 97, which subsequently affect all of the previous equations in a chain which makes the appropriate values of \(C\) and \(D\).

    • one year ago
  9. Callisto
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    Hmm.. I'll stick to the first method here... since I haven't heard of the second method.. :(

    • one year ago
  10. yakeyglee
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    I made it up lmao. It works, though, in theory.

    • one year ago
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