Youngster
  • Youngster
Could some people, in about three sentences, basically define plasma? (the fourth state of matter)
Physics
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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katieb
  • katieb
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anonymous
  • anonymous
If you start heating a solid it becomes liquid then gas , on further heating you'll reach a state where the gas is fully ionized and completely neutral (electrically neutral) this state is called plasma
Youngster
  • Youngster
ionized?
anonymous
  • anonymous
yes ,"the plasma" to denote a gas in a highly ionized state

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anonymous
  • anonymous
sun is a plasma ball..next time when someone says the sun is a huge ball of gas..then they r rong....
anonymous
  • anonymous
If almost all of the atoms or molecules in a gas are ionized, such that the gas consists of cations and free electrons, then you have a plasma. It's sometimes called a "fourth" state of matter only because its properties tend to have much in common with both the properties of a normal gas (because there are no excluded-volume forces, since the particles are far apart) and also the properties of a normal liquid (because the strong electrostatic forces between the charged particles mean there are always strong interactions between the particles).
anonymous
  • anonymous
1. The fourth state of matter comprised/made of "freely moving charged particles" and have no neutral atoms. 2. Liquid component of blood which contains vitamins, minerals, wastes and immune system receptors. 3. Sci-fi substance which is either extremely radioactive, toxic, scorching on contact or otherwise. Usually presented as a fuel or energy source. 1. Betelgeuse, one of many stars in our galaxy, is mostly made of plasma due to its intensely high temperature. 2. Hospitals often have plasma tranfusions for patients undernourished or dehydrated. 3. The console series, Halo and Halo 2, presents aliens (Covenants) that use plasma weaponry (exaggerated tho) as their armament.
anonymous
  • anonymous
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anonymous
  • anonymous
that was enlightening. But, by heating, how do those molecules get highly ionized?
anonymous
  • anonymous
every atom or molecule when given enough energy (heat - high temperature) will start to loose electrons and by that become ionised, now only thing is that every atom/molecule has diferent electron structure and thus diferenet amount of energy which is necesary for its electrons to leave. furthermore temperature is average kinetic energy so by geting to enough hih temperature every atom/molecule and its electrons will gather enough energy(kinetic) to expell electron and thus become ionised. hope you get what i am triyng to say...
anonymous
  • anonymous
@Vaidehi09 In the same way that heating NaCl to it's boiling point, where the intermolecular bonds are broken, heating a gas to an elevated temperature breaks the ionic bonds. Essentially, you get\[F_{2 (g)} = 2 F^-_{(g)}\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
plasma is forth state of matter.(solid liquid and gas as conventional states) any substance can become plasma by change in temperature. As every substance can become solid liquid or gas with change in temperature. i think its 3 line explaination :P
anonymous
  • anonymous
what happens if we further heat plasma?????
anonymous
  • anonymous
ha ha ha you can't heat something more than sun brother good imagination by the way.
anonymous
  • anonymous
think about the big bang
anonymous
  • anonymous
big bang is just hypothatical theory but yes motion of galaxy which is away from one another is one thing that supports this theory. but plasma?? that doesn't relates with it. even if you heat a substance at a temperature many more times as sun's temperature no big bang will follow the star will become neutral after the fuel thats the gases would outrun.
anonymous
  • anonymous
so plasma is the last?..i dont think so...we say plasma consists of ions...there is a temperature called i think planck temp wer the atoms crack to quarks and all four forces of nature unify....and do u kno abt dark matter i think its the fifth state....
anonymous
  • anonymous
brother there is no limit of your imagination dark matter is hypothesis as well. you doesnot simply break atom into quarks bu heating. grand unify theory is still not proved you can not unify al the four forces. again if you heat a substance hundered times as temp of sun for billions of years no 5th matter would come just ions would break and combine nothing else.
anonymous
  • anonymous
ok bro....who knows wat could happen...but i think u hav a point and i also have a point...did u hear the news tht the god particle will be discovered (or proven rong) by next week in cern
anonymous
  • anonymous
@Kryten @eashmore got it! thanks guys.
anonymous
  • anonymous
@theyatin there's no need to be so absolute about things, is there? @mathavraj is speaking about all new possibilities, which of course have not been proven yet. But that is no reason to not consider them. After all, nothing in this universe is absolute. if we don't ask the What-if question, then how will we progress?
anonymous
  • anonymous
thanks vaidehi...
anonymous
  • anonymous
There's no need for thanks. I'm also just voicing my opinion.
anonymous
  • anonymous
can anyone explain about higgs boson
anonymous
  • anonymous
vaidehi yes you are free to ask questions but those questions must be related to practical instance you can ask what if?? any time i welcome it but you start considering all the hypothesis at a time kiddo you are gonna blow your mind boom!! :) you just stick to reality and make your mind free to move in space. . .
anonymous
  • anonymous
mathavraj bro good but till the results come out you can't say what would happen some of idiots were saying this project will vanish earth as such black holes may form while this experiment. you know no could ever imagine that there would be some particle faster than light but here it is light is not fastest anymore. . .
anonymous
  • anonymous
A plasma results from a comparability between the kinetic energy of the particles in a system and the potential energy resulting from electrostatic forces. It represents the state of matter when the temperature is about equal (in the right units) to the average electrostatic interaction. At these temperatures, it's not possible for any structure (like a neutral atom) that depends on electrostatic attractions for its stability to survive. Hence, it is destroyed, and you get a "soup" made of its constituent bits (nuclei and electrons). To get to a new state of matter, you would need to get to a temperature that is about equal to the next strongest force, which are the nuclear forces. That is a very very much higher temperature, because the nuclear forces are something like 10^40 times stronger than the electromagnetic force. These temperatures are thought to have been only reached naturally only once, in the first few seconds of the Big Bang, although they have been recreated extremely briefly in very small regions in particle accelerators. Now if you went to such temperatures, then you would destroy the structures -- atomic nuclei -- that rely on stable nuclear attractions to survive. So you would get a "soup" of nucleons and electrons. However, current theory suggests nucleons are made of smaller constituent particles (quarks), held together by "color" forces, which in certain combinations are interpreted as the familiar nuclear forces. So current theory suggests what you'd really get would be a "plasma" made of quarks, gluons (which are the force particles that convey the color force), electrons, and photons.
anonymous
  • anonymous
that is an amazing piece of information! it also leads us to the possibility that, if we can have enough heat energy to raise the temperature to the level of these color forces, we may actually be able to answer the question - are 'quarks' divisible? and, who knows, this may just turn out to be an unending cycle.
anonymous
  • anonymous
no it cannot be an unending cycle...we cant have boxes within boxes...as we go smaller and smaller its energy level is so concentrated that it would form a blackhole and rips apart of our universe...i read this in hawking's book
anonymous
  • anonymous
oh...so the solution - high concentration of energy - may itself pose as a hurdle. so, another approach is needed, to find a different solution.
anonymous
  • anonymous
yes..iam not sure about this topic..please refer hawking's ''the brief history of space and time'''
anonymous
  • anonymous
Yes, Vaideh, that is the entire raison d'etre of particle accelerators. You smash very small amounts of matter together at very very high velocities -- which corresponds to very very high temperatures -- and try to study the physics during the extremely brief time you have these very high temperatures available.

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