How did China’s Great Leap Forward and the Four Modernizations differ?
A. The Great Leap Forward fostered strong economic growth; the Four Modernizations is a failure.
B. The Great Leap Forward eliminated all elements of free enterprise; the Four Modernizations is moving China toward a market economy.
C. The Great Leap Forward encouraged privatization; the Four Modernizations encourages collectivization.
D. The Great Leap Forward was a long-term effort ; the Four Modernizations is a short-term effort.
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I would definitely go with (B) as the answer, and here's why:
(A) can't be right because the Four Modernizations are not a failure - China's modern economy is proof of that. The Great Leap Forward was the failure and did more harm than good.
(C) isn't right, either, because the Great Leap Forward did not encourage privatization. It encouraged collectivization. If you had a private farm, you could lose it to a collective. And if you complained during the Great Leap Forward, you were labeled a subversive. On the other hand, the Four Modernizations eventually encouraged private enterprise in a limited sense spurring China's economy. It's strange to think of China, a proudly Communist nation, dabbling with capitalism, but as they define it, it's "socialism with Chinese characteristics".
(D) is also not right. The Four Modernizations is the long-term effort, not the Great Leap Forward. The Great Leap Forward lasted only a few years and actually damaged China's economy for the worse. The Four Modernizations, however, were created form ideas in the 60s and were adopted in the late 70s by Deng Xiaoping and became the focal point of his efforts to improve China's economy. As mentioned before, we're seeing the results today as it rose to become the world's second largest.
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Why did early groups of people form governments?
A. to help them survive
B. to preserve democracy
C. to provide leadership opportunities
D. to encourage the art
for the question: Why did early groups of people form governments?
C or B
I think B..
Hope this helps.
A. Under primitive conditions the threats to survival are many, from the failure to meet basic needs -- starvation, thirst, exposure -- to natural threats -- predators, bad weather -- to conflict with other tribes and families. Unorganized individual humans are no match for them, so some degree of organization is necessary to successfully meet these challenges. Even within the family, you need to assign someone to take care of the baby while someone else acquires food, someone builds or finds shelter, someone tends the animals. Within the tribe, you need still more specialization -- someone educates the young, someone trains to defend the tribe against attack, someone becomes and expert in animal habits for the hunt, someone decides where to build the winter huts, and someone else learns how to build them.