## RaphaelFilgueiras 3 years ago A spherical uniform shell rotates in a vertical axis without friction.One string without mass passing through sphere equator and a sheave has a small object at its end.what is the velocity of object,when he down a distance H.

1. RaphaelFilgueiras

2. RaphaelFilgueiras

Use work energy theorem

3. celos

rotational kinetic energy of spherical shell + rotational K.E. of pulley + K.E. of object = change in P.E. of object

4. celos

since string is not stretchable: velocity of object = angular speed of shell* Radius of shell = angular speed of pulley * radius of pulley. now put the known values and get the answer.

5. CarlosGP

$1/2mv^2+1/2I_{sphere}\omega_{sphere}^2+1/2I_{pulley}\omega_{pulley}^2=mgH$

6. RaphaelFilgueiras

@CarlosGP ,but we dont have w,and v yet

7. celos

w= v/r

8. celos

you will get a equation in one variable and will be able to find solution also

9. RaphaelFilgueiras

@carlos i get it i will try

10. CarlosGP

$I_{sphere}=2/5MR^2$ then, for the sphere $1/2(2/5MR^2)w_{sphere}^2=1/5Mv^2$ and for the pulley: $1/2Iw_{pulley}^2=1/2I(v/r)^2$ with the data given in the drawing: $mgH=v^2[m/2+M/5+I/(2r^2)]$

11. RaphaelFilgueiras

Isphere=2/3MR²

12. RaphaelFilgueiras

@CarlosGP thanks

13. CarlosGP

@RaphaelFilgueiras you are welcome. Isphere is 2/5MR^2

14. RaphaelFilgueiras

@CarlosGP it's just a shell

15. CarlosGP

You are right: I=2/3MR^2 for the sphere