mathslover
  • mathslover
What is the ratio of potential energy to total energy o electron?
Chemistry
schrodinger
  • schrodinger
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mathslover
  • mathslover
@hartnn
mathslover
  • mathslover
@akash123 @ganeshie8 @UnkleRhaukus @lgbasallote
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
total energy as in ; mass energy?

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mathslover
  • mathslover
a) -2 b) 2 c) 1 d) -1 @UnkleRhaukus can't say exactly
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
well i dont think negative energy makes much sense in this question
mathslover
  • mathslover
Yes, since total energy and potential energy both are \(-ve\) and their ratio will be positive... (for electron)
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
how is either negative/?
mathslover
  • mathslover
well since : 2 potential energy = total energy
mathslover
  • mathslover
should the answer be 2 : 1 ? Well @UnkleRhaukus In the case of electron, both are negative
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
really?
mathslover
  • mathslover
yes...
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
i dont know what you mean
mathslover
  • mathslover
total energy = -ve potential energy = - ve and hence : their ratio will be +ve
mathslover
  • mathslover
@hartnn and @lgbasallote any suggestions/ideas ?
anonymous
  • anonymous
I assume you're basing this on an electron orbiting a nucleus (which you need to say, otherwise this doesn't make any sense), in which case the virial theorem states that on the average, \[2T = -U \] where T is the kinetic energy and U is the potential energy. The total energy is thus \[ E = T + U = -\frac{1}{2}U + U = \frac{1}{2}U \]
mathslover
  • mathslover
OK very right .. so the answer is 2 ?
anonymous
  • anonymous
The ratio of total energy to potential energy is 1/2, but the ration of potential energy to total energy is 2.
anonymous
  • anonymous
ratio*
mathslover
  • mathslover
lol I changed the question wrong
mathslover
  • mathslover
thanks @Jemurray3

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