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You can instantly tell if a molecule is polar if you look at the electronegativity differences between two differing atoms. The larger the difference between electronegativity values, the more polar the molecule is.
halcyon is right. Do you have an electronegativity chart? Some are different from others. IS there one in your text book? If not I can find you one, but its better to use what your teacher supplies you with.
But a non-polar molecule would have an electrongativity differences as well; i think. and electronegativity charts are not provided in exams here is it possible to distinguish it from the structure of the molecule?
Not sure about how to find the answer from structure. "But a non-polar molecule would have an electrongativity differences as well; i think." You are right. The way you determine the status is to see to which degree of difference is apparent.
What if I dont know anything about the molecule; like if its polar or non-polar how am i able to distinguish? If i remember correctly, you can determine it by the structure..but i cant remember how
What about this link: http://www.tutor-homework.com/Chemistry_Help/Molecular_Geometry/Polar_Or_Nonpolar.html
that will be hard tho; to remember the electronegativity of all elements..
this is true....i dont think any teacher would expect that. With out the chart, that method is dead
but it is easy
with the chart
all ionic bonds are polar right?
what about this: http://preparatorychemistry.com/bishop_molecular_polarity.htm
well i would like a method without the electronegativity chart
that last link i believe is that kind of method...without the chart
i read it..stil needs the chart
lame...ok one sec
All ionic bonds are polar. Electronegativity differences are taken into account with covalent bonds. If it's a compound such as F2 then no, it's not polar cause of the same electronegativity
I think I asked my teacher if there was a way and he said no...
well what if you dont know if its an ionic bond or not..how would you know if its polar or non-polar?
well metals and non metals make inonic bonds
You can always make an educated guess if you know if an element is metal or non metal or if you know if an element is on the left or right or top or bottom of the per table
bottom left is real small.....top right of table is real big
Fr = 0.7 F = 4.0
It's entirely about the structure, like you were thinking! Basically symmetry means non-polar and asymmetry means polar. So Br2 has two atoms with the same EN; you can imagine their electron withdrawing strength canceling out one another's pull so that there's no net pull in the structure and the whole thing is non-polar. In contrast, something like CO would have a net polarity because even if you can't remember what the EN of C of O is, you still know that one half of that molecule is going to pull the electrons a little more than the other. That gives the molecule a net polarity. It helps if you just draw a little arrow pointing in the direction of the Electron withdrawing activity. Then you can see if there's a net pull or if there are arrows that cancel one another out.
u cn find d difrnc simply by evaluatng d electronegativity o strucure. evn the aarangemnt in d periodic table l gv u an idea of the polarity b/w molecules,atoms,elemnts
okay, thanks benjaminf but for the structure; is it the molecular structure? the chemical formula structure or what? They just look symmetrical to me.
it's based on what elements comprise the structure and also on the molecular structure.
well how can you see it from the molecular stucture?
a simple way to see if you can make the 2 sides balance
For example, Bromine Br_2' how are able to balance/ see it?
if you cut the molecule in 1/2, one side will have 1 Br and the other another Br, so it's balanced thus non-polar
so another example, NaCl, one side has Na other side Cl, 2 different elements, thus polar
this applies only to certain molecules though, it's just a simple way of looking at things
okay i got it. what about molecules is there a legit way?
about other molecules*
yes, you have to look at their electronegativity (how much they attract electrons). If there is high electronegativity differences it's most likely a polar bond (e.g. NaCl). But if they got close to no difference (e.g. C-H), then it's a non-polar bond.
on top of that, you have to use the 1st rule i mentioned above, a polar bond may be cancelled out by another polar bond on the exact opposite side...e.g. CCl4, even tho the C-Cl bonds are polar, the exact conformation of the molecule allows all the polarity to cancel out to 0
i got it thanks.