## TlJesusFreak37 3 years ago I need to simplify the ratio: x^2-x-20 / x^2+8x+16. I know that the denominator is simplified into (x+4)(x+4), But I'm unsure as to how to work the numerator. Help?

1. gezimbasha

Solve for the roots of the first equation, by using the quadratic formula$x=\frac{-b \pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}=\frac{1 \pm \sqrt{1-4*1*(-20)}}{2}=\frac{1 \pm \sqrt{1+80}}{2}$You then get,$x=\frac{1 \pm \sqrt{81}}{2}=\frac{1 \pm 9}{2}$From there you have two solutions x1=-4, and x2=5. Now the equation$x^2-x-20 = (x-x1)(x-x2)$So just replace the x1 and x2.$(x-5)(x+4)$

2. TlJesusFreak37

Alright, but isn't that solving the equation? I just need to simplify. I'm thinking I can write it out into x+x+x+4*5, and then use the x+4 in the numerator to cancel out one from the denominator, which would leave us with 5x^2 / x+4, but I'm not sure if that's correct.

3. gezimbasha

No no, you get this$\frac{(x-5)(x+4)}{(x+4)(x+4)}=\frac{x-5}{x+4}$

4. TlJesusFreak37

How? The middle term on the top doesn't have a coefficient. If it did, then that's what you would do since you would be finding the product of the last term that also made a sum equal to the middle term. There is no middle term though, it's just x.

5. gezimbasha

Yes, the middle term has a coefficient. It is 1. Because 1*x=x. That is why I replaced 1 in the quadratic formula.

6. TlJesusFreak37

Alright, I understand now. Thank you. (:

7. gezimbasha

Are you sure? I can provide more explanation if you need? Don't hesitate please!

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