MIT 9.00SC Introduction to Psychology
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Very nice question! These two paradigms of psychology often get misused and confused so in my opinion this question should be a sticky :P Anyway, the difference is mainly (as with all paradigms) what is being focused by them (1) and as a reaction to what they have emerged (2). Just like gestalt-ism got being into existence because of structuralism (basically denying that the psyche is the sum of the parts composing it), behaviorism exists because of psychoanalysis (there is no subconscious because you can't measure it). As such humanistic psychology is a paradigm born in the mid 20th century as a reaction to behaviorism (no its not that mechanical!, said the humanistic Maslow, Rogers etc.; the human wants to AUTO-ACTUALIZE himself. Not just responding to external stimuli. It has internal needs!) This direction of research gave us the Motivational Pyramid, Self-focused therapy and a lot of interesting theories on many aspects of the human mind. the web is full of material if you need more on this. Just google it :) On the other hand, positive psychology is late 20th century psychology branch that developed as a reaction to psychiatry and anti-psychiatry that battled what is a sick person and what is not making psychology more a science of the sick then a science of the mind in general. "Positive psychologists seek to find and nurture genius and talent, and to make normal life more fulfilling" (Wikipedia) said Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (pronounced "Me - ha - y Cheek - sent - Me - ha - y") the father of positive psychology. Hope this helped, good luck on you journey finding more info. Cheers!
Suggest me some psychology books & novels that you follow.
well saravanan, the thing is that books and novels in this field come literally by the hundreds. While some of the things are trash, most of them are solid scientific building blocks. Read whatever comes your way. Devour them! I can't put down here all the books you will need to read but i will try to put the most important authors (in my opinion) and the most accessible ones. If judging by your question one can say you're at the beginning of the field (psychology history), so while there is still time build yourself the philosophical foundation with the help of Kant, Nietzsche, W.James, J.P.Sartre and Freud. You'll love them! Start psychology with Freud, it will be a disappointment later on but the energy you'll get reading him will get you through the rest. Jung will be your choice after that. Murray,K.Horney, Adler and Skinner's next on the list, Bandura as well. Atkinson, Greene, Rogers, Csikszentmihalyi and the DSM-V (revised). After reading everything you can, written by these brilliant guys, you have a mind-set ready for everything that comes your way. Pseudo-sciences can and will be smelled from miles away and you skepticism will allow you to read anything (which you should by the way).