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Psychotherapy is a general term referring to therapeutic interaction or treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client, patient, family, couple, or group. The problems addressed are psychological in nature and of no specific kind or degree, but rather depend on the specialty of the practitioner.
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What are the pros and cons of psychotherapy?
I'll rephrase what NeuroFreud said. Which was completely accurate, by the way.
Psychotherapy is what we call the process of treating people with emotional and mental difficulties.
A psychotherapist is a professional who works with a client (or clients), and helps them to devise ways to overcome the emotional and psychological issues that are making their life difficult.
For example, if you are having issues with anxiety, depression,
or if you are going through a really tough time with a traumatic event, such as divorce, or the death of a loved one,
or you want to mend your relationship with a spouse, or family member,
a psychotherapist can help.
Throughout the process called "psychotherapy," the psychologist works with you,
to help you plan your daily routine,
to help you challenge the thoughts in your mind, that make your life difficult,
so that you can live a happy life.
And there are many different forms of psychotherapy.
There are many different ways of helping someone get their emotional life back on track.
The most widely used form of psychotherapy, today, is cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is based off of the idea that thoughts create feelings, and behaviors.
That means that our feelings, and the things that we do, come from the thoughts inside our heads.
So, when people have "maladaptive thoughts," (bad thoughts)
they feel emotionally unwell,
and they tend to behave in ways that only make them think and feel worse.
The big "pro" to psychotherapy is that if you do it the way you're supposed to, then it usually works.
Psychotherapy helps people to rediscover happiness and meaningfulness, in their lives.
If a client in psychotherapy has a mental disorder than cannot be cured, then the psychotherapist can still help the client find ways to cope with their problems, and invent ways to learn to live with their challenges.
Having good emotional health means having good physical health.
Psychotherapy can help people achieve good emotional health.
And people with good emotional health tend to live longer, and experience less physical illness.
The "con" is the simple fact that psychotherapy doesn't work for everyone, for many possible reasons.
A psychotherapist might have a client who isn't willing to cooperate, or isn't emotionally ready for psychotherapy.
Or, a client might have a psychotherapist who is unskilled, and doesn't know how to provide the structure that the client needs.
We also know that some mental disorders, like schizophrenia, just can't be cured. Psychotherapy isn't magic. It's limited.
I realize that this question has been closed, but I hope that this still helps you get an idea for what psychotherapy is.
If you have anymore questions about psychotherapy, or psychology in general, please ask. I'll answer if I feel that I understand what you're looking for.
What are the books you use for psychology?
You mean classroom books? Textbooks?
The AP Psychology book that we used back in high school was called...
"Psychology," by David G. Myers.
How will you improve your knowledge about psychology? What are the sources and resources you use?
I study psychology in college. So, my classes are a big source of my knowledge.
I also read a handful of books written by psychologists, in my free time. Not textbooks, like the ones we use in class. But informational books about specific topics, that I buy at bookstores.
Can you suggest me some books writen by psychologists?
Well, since you asked a question about psychotherapy, I'll tell you the names of the two books that I read, when I first started studying psychotherapy.
"Making Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Work,"
by Deborah Roth Ledley, Brian P. Marx, and Richard G. Heimberg
"Cognitive Therapy Techniques,"
by Robert Leahy