suppose sin theta = 1/5 and 0

Mathematics
- lilsis76

suppose sin theta = 1/5 and 0

Mathematics
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- lilsis76

|dw:1350681532092:dw|

- phi

i have these formulas given...
The expressions you posted are specific examples, not formulas.
To answer this question
suppose sin x = 1/5 and 0

- phi

they tell us x is between 0 and pi/2 (90º) so we know x is in the first quadrant.
the cos x is adjacent over hypotenuse. we know the hypotenuse (it's 5)
use pythagorean theorem to find the bottom leg of the right triangle (that will be the adjacent side we need for the cos)
can you do that?

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- lilsis76

yes let me try it on a paper.

- lilsis76

a= sqrt 24 -> i can reduce giving me
a=sqrt 4 sqrt 6
a= 2sqrt6

- phi

yes, use a's value to find
\[ \cos(x)= \frac{2\sqrt{6}}{5}\]

- phi

|dw:1350682709676:dw|

- lilsis76

sorry about that, this thing is being slow, this openstudy site

- phi

to find
compute sin 2x
I remember sin(a+b)= sin(a)cos(b)+cos(a)sin(b)
if a and b are the same=x, we can write this as
sin(x+x) = sin(x) cos(x) + cos(x) sin(x)
sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)
so replace sin(x) with 1/5 and cos(x) with 2sqrt(6)/5 in that formula and simplify to get sin(2x)

- phi

being slow
Yes, sometimes it acts up. Some days are better than others.

- lilsis76

okay ill try to find the first one, but how did you get \[2\sqrt{6} / 5 ? <--- how did u get the 5?\]

- phi

the cos x is adjacent over hypotenuse

- lilsis76

how did u get the 5? haha sorry i cant read the other writting either.
and i did sin 2x= sin 2(1/5) - that would make it sin 2/5 right?

- lilsis76

okay i see the cos =5 now. is 2/5 right?

- phi

no. it is not the simple (otherwise it would not be math)
first, what do you have for
sin(x)
and cos(x)?

- lilsis76

sin x is opp/hyp= 1/5
cos x is adj/hyp= 2sqrt{6}/5

- phi

ok, that is good.
I repeat my post from above
to find
compute sin 2x
I remember sin(a+b)= sin(a)cos(b)+cos(a)sin(b)
if a and b are the same=x, we can write this as
sin(x+x) = sin(x) cos(x) + cos(x) sin(x)
sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)
so replace sin(x) with 1/5 and cos(x) with 2sqrt(6)/5 in that formula and simplify to get sin(2x)

- lilsis76

in the sin(a+b)= sin(a)cos(b)+cos(a)sin(b)?
like
sin( 1/5 + 2sqrt6/5) = sin 1/5 cos 2sqrt6/5 + cos 1/5 sin 2sqrt6/5

- phi

no. don't get confused. I was showing that the "sum of angles" formula simplifies to
sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)
For example, if x were 30º, you could use this formula to find the sin(60º)
sin(60)= sin(2*30)= 2 sin(30) cos(30)
in this case, you are asked to find the sin(2x). You know sin(x) and cos(x). Can you find sin(2x)?

- phi

sin x is opp/hyp= 1/5
cos x is adj/hyp= 2sqrt{6}/5
replace sin(x) with 1/5
replace cos(x) with 2sqrt{6}/5
in the formula sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)

- lilsis76

okay let me try it. i am trying to find it on my paper

- lilsis76

okay i got this then

- lilsis76

sin 2x = 2 sin 1/5 cos 2sqrt 6 / 5

- phi

be careful
x is not 1/5 sin(x) is 1/5
try again.

- lilsis76

okay

- lilsis76

sin 2x = 2sin 1/5 cos x

- lilsis76

thats all im understanding

- phi

when we say
sin x =1/5
and then write, for example cos(x) sin(x)
we can replace sin(x) with 1/5 (that is what = means)
so cos(x) sin(x) could be written as cos(x) * 1/5
can you use that idea in
sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)
when sin x= 1/5
cos x= 2sqrt{6}/5

- phi

in other words, replace sin x with 1/5 and replace cos(x) with 2sqrt(6)/5

- lilsis76

into the formula you gave me? the...sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x) ?
what is that equation for also?

- phi

yes, in the formula sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)
I'll post a video that explains this, so you can watch it when you have time.

- lilsis76

okay, thank you

- lilsis76

like this:
2(1/5) = 2(1/5)(2sqrt6 / 5) ?

- lilsis76

HEYY?! i just realized, did we solve the compute cos theta? was that the 2sqrt6 / 5?

- phi

closer. we know sin(x) and cos(x).
but we do not know sin(2x)
we start with
sin(2x)= 2 sin(x) cos(x)
replace sin(x) with 1/5
sin(2x)= 2* 1/5 * cos(x)
replace cos(x) with 2sqrt6/5
sin(2x)= 2* 1/5 * 2sqrt6/5
notice that sin(2x) is not 2*1/5

- lilsis76

hmmm....okay

- lilsis76

will the 2 (1/5) = 2/5? or is that wrong?

- lilsis76

i ddont know how to mult. fractions.

- phi

yes 2*1/5 is 2/5
the answer is
\[ \sin(2\theta)= \frac{4\sqrt{6}}{25} \]
(I used theta again just to match the problem)

- phi

Here is the first video on trig
http://www.khanacademy.org/math/trigonometry/v/basic-trigonometry

- lilsis76

oh....okay, thank you ill watch the video. but one quesiton. why dont we multiply the sqrt by the 2 also?

- phi

Here is a list of videos on fractions
http://www.khanacademy.org/math/arithmetic/fractions
I would watch the first few just to see if they make sense. Later on, if you run into a problem, go to this site and search for a video that explains it.

- lilsis76

okay. thank you so much. imma watch a few of these then get back to the homework.

- phi

\[ \sin(2x)= 2\cdot \frac{1}{5} \cdot \frac{ 2\sqrt{6}}{5} \]
to multiply fractions you multiply top*top and bottom*bottom
(whole numbers are "tops")
\[ \sin(2x)= \frac{2\cdot 1 \cdot 2\sqrt{6}}{5\cdot 5} \]
that simplifies to
\[ \sin(2x)= \frac{4\sqrt{6}}{25} \]

- lilsis76

oh...okay now i see it, dang lol i never saw it like that before. well thank you I shall watch the videos and ill be back later

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