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Steps to doing a physics question. 1. Draw a diagram. 2. List the variables. 3. Determine the equation(s) involved.
m=5000kg d= 4.0cm=0.04m You are looking for k=? hooke's law is f=-kx.
Is the total energy = gravitational potential energy + elastic potential energy ?
i think so.
you're your own best thinker.
How do you get force?
Force caused by gravity is: F = m(-g) = -mg = -(5000kg)(9.8N/kg) (negative means downward) F = -49000 N (negative means downward) F = k(Δy) -49000 = k(-4) (Δy is negative because the initial position is at 0 meters and the final position is at -4 metres so Δy = -4 - 0 = -4 metres. Also notice that Δy being negative means that the truck went downward by 4 meters when the pot hole was hit.) (When people say F = -kx, you treat x as the distance that was moved while ignoring the sign but the way I did it makes you systematically think about it.) -49000/(-4) = 49000/4 = k = 12250 N/m (This is the spring constant - it means that in order to move the spring by 1 meter from its natural position where it would remain if nothing was forcefully compressing or stretching it, 12250 N of force would be required.)
it's actually 4cm.....
but nice try tho. Your answer is well structured.
Lol, oops. Four meters would be quite a fall. :D