• anonymous
what would be the pros and cons of using Linnean and modern classification system?
  • Stacey Warren - Expert
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  • katieb
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  • anonymous
One of the great advantages of Linnaeus’s classification system was that it was very easy to make changes or additions to it. Also I can tell you the many advantages. First it is in a common language that scientists use with each other, Latin, also this way scientist have one name for one organism, not many different names for one organism or the same name for many organisms. Each organism only has one scientific name from C. Linnaeus's system, and each name is only given to one organism. This way there will not be mistakes in translation about which organism is being spoken of. Linnaeus's naming system consists of two parts, the genus and the species. So not only does the identify the organism but it also identifies the group of close relatives it belongs in. He knew future discoveries would alter his system but that his basic outline would remain useful. A French biologist, Georges Cuvier, made the first changes to Linnaeus’s system around 1800. Cuvier created another level above Linnaeus’s classes called phyla. For example, Linnaeus recognized six different classes of animals, mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, and worms. Cuvier grouped these into the phyla of vertebrates and invertebrates. A level of family was later added between genus and order. The 1800s also brought the study of fossils, remnants of living things from the past. Cuvier realized these creatures must be classified, too, and based their classification on a close study of their skeletal remains. This led to the entire system being based more on internal structures than outward appearances as Linnaeus had done. The system was complete, every living thing, alive or extinct, had a clear and specific identity.

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