Laplace = analogue signal
Fourier = digital signal
Notes on comparisons between Fourier and Laplace transforms:
The Laplace transform of a function is just like the Fourier transform of the same function, except for two things. The term in the exponential of a Laplace transform is a complex number instead of just an imaginary number and the lower limit of integration doesn't need to start at -∞. The exponential factor has the effect of forcing the signals to converge. That is why the Laplace transform can be applied to a broader class of signals than the Fourier transform, including exponentially growing signals. In a Fourier transform, both the signal in time domain and its spectrum in frequency domain are a one-dimensional, complex function. However, the Laplace transform of the 1D signal is a complex function defined over a two-dimensional complex plane, called the s-plane, spanned by two variables, one for the horizontal real axis and one for the vertical imaginary axis. If this 2D function is evaluated along the imaginary axis, the Laplace transform simply becomes the Fourier transform.