At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.
"...The complex number 1000, or 1000 + 0i, is shown below in polar form. 1000(cos [0 degrees] + i sin [0 degrees])." How did they get to theta being zero, all of a sudden? I just don't understand how they got the angle, at all. I'm assuming it has to do with 0i?
first off to find the cube roots of 1000 is identical to finding the cube roots of 1 and then multiplying the result by 10
I'm not concerned with that at the moment, mainly just the angle part.
the angle is 0 because in the complex plane the real numbers live on the \(x\) axis
I don't know what that means, I just don't understand the significance of that statement at all. xP
(I'm self-teaching, so i'm not totally aware of everything that's being talked about.)
ok you want the angle right? and the way you make an angle for unit circle trig is you start here |dw:1352818720308:dw|
meaning that in the complex plane, all positive real numbers make an angle of 0 and all negative real numbers have an angle of \(\pi\)
it is also of course true that \(\cos(0)=1\) and \(\sin(0)=0\) so for any positive number say \(1000\) you can write \[1000=1000\left(\cos(0)+i\sin(0)\right)\] in a way it is a rather silly thing to write, except that you are about to use it to find cube roots
I'll have to look up whatever the "complex plane" is, but that can't be true, in the way that i'm typically thinking of it. And positive real numbers of what? How do numbers by themselves simply form an angle? I can imagine a number being represented as a vector just forming a line, but numbers themselves don't generate an angle, unless that's basically what you mean when you say all positive real numbers produce an angle of zero.
also notice that the representation is not unique, since it is also true that \[\cos(2\pi)=1\] and \[\sin(2\pi)=0\] meaning \[1000=1000\left(\cos(2\pi)+i\sin(2\pi)\right)\]
the real line lives inside the complex plane
I don't quite get it yet, but that's just me. Thanks for your help so far.
Here is a little background http://www.khanacademy.org/math/algebra/complex-numbers/v/complex-numbers--part-1
Thanks. Sorry, I would reply promptly but for some reason, Openstudy causes my computer to start randomly tripping balls as hard as possible.
This little app shows the complex plane http://www.khanacademy.org/math/algebra/complex-numbers/e/the_complex_plane notice that you can use polar coordinates (r (distance) and theta (angle from the x-axis) to define a point on the plane, rather than x+ iy (rectangular form) the distance r (use pythagoras) is sqrt( x^2+ y^2) the angle is the arc tangent of (y/x)
Okay, this helps a lot. I thought that was potentially how coordinates would be plotted in the imaginary plane, but I didn't want to assume. Thanks!