anonymous
  • anonymous
Spanish Help? ¿Cómo eras cuando tenías 5 años? Answer in Spanish using the imperfect tense.
MIT 21F Spanish I - IV (OCW)
katieb
  • katieb
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anonymous
  • anonymous
The question's asking you "What were you like when you were five years old?"
anonymous
  • anonymous
So i dont get how to anwser in the imperfect tense...
anonymous
  • anonymous
The imperfect tense is one of the 2 types of past tense, in Spanish. We use the imperfect tense whenever we're talking about a past action that was consistent and ongoing, instead of just happening once. You get it? I'll give you an example: "Yo jugaba con mis amigos." It means "I played with my friends." "Jugaba" is the imperfect tense of "jugar." And we used the imperfect tense here, because we wanna say something like "I USED to play with my friends." Not just one time, but CONSISTENTLY, and ongoing. Would you like for me to show you how to conjugate verbs into the imperfect tense?

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anonymous
  • anonymous
thank you, and yes, please.
anonymous
  • anonymous
Okay. I'll show you how to make the imperfect tense for AR, ER, and IR verbs. First, can you give me an AR verb?
anonymous
  • anonymous
estar
anonymous
  • anonymous
Okay. Estar means "to be." You probably know that. And since estar means "to be," the imperfect form of estar means "I was." (Or kind of like "I USED to be.") First, let's take off the AR. Now we have EST And now, let me show you the new forms, after we've added the new endings: (Yo) Estaba (Tú) Estabas (Él/Ella/Usted) Estaba (Nosotros) Estábamos (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Estaban You see, the endings for AR imperfect verbs are all.....ABA, ABAS, ABA, ABAMOS, and ABAN. Just like Hablar: Hablaba, Hablabas, Hablaba, Hablábamos, Hablaban Do you have any questions about AR imperfects?
anonymous
  • anonymous
no thank you soooo much! you are very helpful(:
anonymous
  • anonymous
It's no problem. Next is ER verbs. Can you give me one?
anonymous
  • anonymous
comer
anonymous
  • anonymous
Okay, so "comer" means "to eat." So, the imperfect form of "comer" means "I ate," (As in "I USED to eat," on a regular basis.) First, let's take off the ER ending. Now we have COM. And here are the new endings: (Yo) Comía (Tú) Comías (Él/Ella/Usted) Comía (Nosotros) Comíamos (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Comían Easy right? The imperfect endings for ER verbs is just....IA, IAS, IA, IAMOS, and IAN. (Just don't forget the accents.) And you've probably realized that the imperfect endings for the YO form and the EL form are the same. It's true. The imperfect form for the YO and the EL are always the same. Do you have any questions about ER imperfects? If not, can you give me an IR verb?
anonymous
  • anonymous
vivir
anonymous
  • anonymous
Okay. Vivir means "to live." So, the imperfect of vivir would mean "USED to live..." (in a certain place). For example, "Yo vivía en Mexico" means something like "I USED to live in Mexico." First, let's take off the IR ending. Now we have VIV And now, here are the new forms, after we've added the new endings: (Yo) Vivía (Tú) Vivías (Él/Ella/Usted) Vivía (Nosotros) Vivíamos (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Vivían You see, the imperfect for IR verbs is the EXACT SAME as the imperfect for ER verbs. The endings are all....IA, IAS, IA, IAMOS, and IAN. (Just don't forget the accent marks.) Do you have anymore questions? We can go back your homework now.
anonymous
  • anonymous
No that was sooo helpful! So if I answered the question by saying: Yo era juguetóna y optimista y rubia. Would that be correct?
anonymous
  • anonymous
Real quick, I'd like to show you the imperfect for SER (to be), because it is irregular. It's not normal. (Yo) Era (Tú) Eras (Él/Ella/Usted) Era (Nosotros) Éramos (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Eran This is just one of those things we need to remember.
anonymous
  • anonymous
Yeah, that would work, because you have an imperfect verb in that sentence. Era. I was playful and optimistic and...blonde. Lol.
anonymous
  • anonymous
haha yes, thank you soooo much! seriously, you are very helpful.

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