A drawback in using primary punishers and primary reinforcers in research would be that ________.
a. the experimenter must first make sure that the stimulus has acquired reinforcing properties
b. using primary punishers or taking away a primary reinforcer would not be ethical
c. they are more likely than other punishers and reinforcers to lead to superstitious behaviors
d. they are not as effective as secondary reinforcers in conditioning procedures
Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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Using primary punishers (positive punishment)
and taking away primary reinforcers (negative punishment)
wouldn't be ethical.
Basically, in research, it's not considered "ethical," (or "moral") to punish people, in any way.
Remember the Stanley Milgram experiments, where participants thought that some guy was being electrocuted to death? It's not "ethical."