## INT 2 years ago change the cartesian integral into an equivalent polar integral:

1. INT

$\int\limits_{\sqrt{2}}^{2}\int\limits_{\sqrt{4-y^{2}}}^{y} dx dy$

2. amistre64

|dw:1353881320734:dw|i think this is what it looks like at least

3. amistre64

remember that x=rcos(t) y=rsin(t) and r=sqrt(x^2+y^2), but thats really already given as 2

4. INT

I think I understand how to get pi/4 < theta < pi/2 But finding the bounds for r is throwing me off.

5. amistre64

well, since r only really changes from 0 to 2; the bounds for r are 0 to 2

6. amistre64

it r changed according to some function of t the r would be bound from 0 to f(t)

7. INT

according to the answers, r is bounded by 2 < r < 2csc(theta)

8. amistre64

|dw:1353881730467:dw|

9. INT

but at pi/2 r can be 2 and rad(2)

10. amistre64

it might help to see the limits in this fashion to be able to see how to change them out $\Large \int_{y=\sqrt{2}}^{y=2}~~~\int_{x=\sqrt{4-y^{2}}}^{x=y} ~~~dx~dy$

11. INT

my book says to plug in x=rcos(theta) etc and magically gets the polar bounds. They dont show any intermediate steps so im really confused.

12. amistre64

$x= \sqrt{r^2-y^2}$$2cos(t) = \sqrt{2^2-(2sin(t))^2}$$4cos^2(t) = 4-4sin^2(t)$$cos^2(t) +sin^2(t)=1~\text{for any t}$ $x= y$$2cos(t) = 2sin(t)$$t=\frac{pi}4$ something along those lines i believe

13. amistre64

y = 2 2sin(t) = 2 sin(t) = 1; when t=pi/2 y=sqrt(2) 2sin(t)=sqrt(2) sin(t)=sqrt(2)/2; when t=pi/4

14. amistre64

i might need to see the steps in your books to refresh me memory

15. INT

this is all that they show.

16. INT

I just dont understand where they cot the csc from.

17. amistre64

your d parts in that png are dydx ... not dxdy

18. INT

well, thats a problem... the question has it as dx dy

19. INT

I dont think dy dx even works. Wouldnt it be y=y y=rad(4-y^2)

20. amistre64

yeah, so the png might be a typo

21. INT

ok so ignoring the png, would the r just be 0 to 2?

22. amistre64

from what i can tell yes; |dw:1353883154486:dw|

23. amistre64

but then i might have been thinking of this backwards

24. amistre64

so, r goes from 2 up to the line; its not the area inside the circle

25. amistre64

if i were to attempt this; I would determine the area of the triangle and subtract out the area inside the circle part

26. INT

But doesnt the outer circle ask that the Y bounds are 2 and rad(2) not the X?

27. INT

oh you flipped it

28. amistre64

i positioned the graph in a convenient manner; a swaped the x and y axis ,,, yes

29. amistre64

so, what we want is a function in ploar from for the line y=2

30. INT

well, even though the answer key messed up the dxdy, but 2-(pi/2) seems to be the right answer.

31. amistre64

it is; and youd be able to see that y=2 converts to 2csc(t) if i could remember how to do it :)

32. amistre64

got it r^2 = x^2 + y^2 ; but y=2 is constant r^2 = x^2 + 4 ; x = rcos(t) r^2 = r^2cos^2(t) + 4 r^2-r^2cos^2(t) = 4 r^2(1-cos^2(t)) = 4 r^2 sin^2(t) = 4 r^2 = 4csc^2(t) r = 2csc(t)

33. amistre64

area of triangle = 2*2/2 = 2 area of sector = 4pi/8 = pi/2 area of shaded region = triangle - sector: 2 - pi/2

34. INT

ok that makes sense.. one more question, is it a coincidence that y = 2 r sin(t) = 2 r = 2 / sin(t) using 1/sin(t) = csc(t) trig identity r = 2 csc(t) ?

35. amistre64

not sure if its coincidence or not; but that seems to work out as well :)