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I honestly don't think there's a clear-cut answer to this one. I've tried researching it, but I haven't found anything conclusive. I know what you're talking about. People with autism seem to excel at one unique task. And yeah, it's gotta be the effect that autism has on the brain. There's no telling what sort of task a person with autism would excel in, whether it's math, or music, or visual memory. But I think it's safe to say that different parts of the brain are responsible for different areas of performance. So, I think that autism might actually affect the brains of each person, with autism, in totally different ways, all depending on the individual. But exactly how, I have no clue.
I agree with you, that different parts of the brain are responsible for different areas of performance. Therefore, I did make an assumption. Do you think they are excel at one unique task because a part of their brain, which control a specific role, is stronger than the others? Let me make it clear. You've already known that, the right lobe of the brain is responsible for the communicating ability and the way we express emotions. Those with right lobe developed are often good at social sciences, summarizing skill and so on. Otherwise, the left brain lobe is responsible for the analyzing and logic. So, people with left brain developed tend to focus more on the detail and often good at natural sciences. Those who suffer from autism syndrome, used to have trouble with their communication skill. They find it's hard to express their emotion and share it with other people. That's why they can not easily adapt to a specific environment. They seem have problems in right brain lobe's development. However, this deficiency makes their left brain lobe over developed. The result is, they become excellent in some tasks like calculating, math, or music. This is just an example. I think there are more factors contributed to this situation that we/the scientists should further consider.
If their left brains are more developed, then yeah, that does quite make sense.
In the UK I have seen Autistic students assessed for their gross motor skill development; their cognitive visual development; and their cognitive auditory processing. For many people diagnosed as Autistic, once the early years development issues have been sorted out they cease to display Autistic tendencies. The tendency to display exceptional skill in one area suggests to me that the brain over-compensates for deficiencies in one pathway by over-developing another, i.e. visually impaired children usually have very well developed cognitive auditory pathways. I assume that if you have a pure autistic issue then your brain's plasticity will still kick in and compensate, hence making you particularly skilled in some of the cognitive sensory pathways.
Autism is a spectrum disorder, yes there are some autistic people who have a talent for remembering numbers, massive lines of information, how many cheerios are in a cereal box, but also there are many who cannot figure their way out of an open paper bag to the ability to communicate beyond simple phrases and gestures. Many people who have a more profound degree of autism area also weak in gross and fine motor skill development. They key to making a difference in social and academic skills in a child with autism is very early detection and support.
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