anonymous
  • anonymous
what is ATP?
Biology
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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katieb
  • katieb
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anonymous
  • anonymous
give me the right definition of ATP, please
Ammarah
  • Ammarah
Adenosine triphosphate.
Ammarah
  • Ammarah
medal please.

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anonymous
  • anonymous
ok, i will give you medal, however i need details of what ATP is?
Ammarah
  • Ammarah
What is ATP? ATP stands for Adenosine triphosphate ATP is a chemical compound that cells would use to store energy or to release energy. It is the basic source of energy.
anonymous
  • anonymous
ATP has its major role in energy transfer but it also has other roles like synthesis of ARN or neurotransmitter;
anonymous
  • anonymous
The structure of this molecule consists of a purine base (adenine) attached to the 1' carbon atom of a pentose sugar (ribose). Three phosphate groups are attached at the 5' carbon atom of the pentose sugar. ATP is also incorporated into nucleic acids by polymerases in the processes of DNA replication and transcription. When ATP is used in DNA synthesis, the ribose sugar is first converted to deoxyribose by ribonucleotide reductase. ATP was discovered in 1929 by Karl Lohmann,[2] and was proposed to be the main energy-transfer molecule in the cell by Fritz Albert Lipmann in 1941. The structure of ATP has an ordered carbon compound as a backbone, but the part that is really critical is the phosphorous part - the triphosphate. Three phosphorous groups are connected by oxygens to each other, and there are also side oxygens connected to the phosphorous atoms. Under the normal conditions in the body, each of these oxygens has a negative charge, and as you know, electrons want to be with protons - the negative charges repel each other. These bunched up negative charges want to escape - to get away from each other, so there is a lot of potential energy here. If you remove just one of these phosphate groups from the end, so that there are just two phosphate groups, the molecule is much happier. This conversion from ATP to ADP is an extremely crucial reaction for the supplying of energy for life processes. Just the cutting of one bond with the accompanying rearrangement is sufficient to liberate about 7.3 kilocalories per mole = 30.6 kJ/mol. This is about the same as the energy in a single peanut.

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