The "psychic secretions" that interfered with Pavlov's experiments on digestion were:
a. primary reinforcers.
b. conditioned responses.
c. conditioned stimuli.
d. secondary reinforcers.
e. unconditioned responses.
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An unconditioned response is one that occurs without learning. It's natural. The dog started salivating in response to food. Like if you touched something hot and jerked your hand back. It's just a natural thing.
I worded that weird but you get what I'm saying :b
softballgirl<3 is right about what "unconditioned responses" are.
But the "psychic secretions" in Pavlov's experiments were conditioned responses.
A Conditioned Response is the way that we react to something, based on what we've learned.
I blow a whistle.
And right after I blow the whistle, I smack you across the face. With a cactus.
I blow a whistle again.
And again, right afterward, I smack you across the face with a cactus.
Sooner or later, what will you do, every time I blow a whistle?
You'd either duck, run, or beat the s/hit out of me. Even BEFORE I smack you with the cactus.
Why? Because you've LEARNED the order of events, and what will probably happen next.
Therefore, your response to the sound of my whistle would be a CONDITIONED response.
In Pavlov's experiments, he had a helper feed his dogs.
After a while, the dogs would salivate, every time they saw Pavlov's helper,
even BEFORE they were actually fed.
Pavlov called these reactions "psychic secretions," because the dogs knew that they were about to be fed.
Which is why they salivated.