anonymous
  • anonymous
\[ (2y^2 - 6xy)dx + (3xy-4x^2)dy =0\] Find an integrating factor of the form \(x^ny^m\) and solve the equation...
Differential Equations
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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katieb
  • katieb
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abb0t
  • abb0t
1st check to make sure that they are exact.
anonymous
  • anonymous
\(M = 2y^2 - 6xy \) \(N= 3xy-4x^2\) \(\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}=4y - 6x\) \(\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}=3y-8x\) \[\frac{\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}-\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}}{M}=\frac{3y-8x-(4y - 6x)}{2y(y-3x)}\]Doesn't go right..
abb0t
  • abb0t
\[\frac{ ∂M }{ ∂x }=\frac{ ∂N }{ ∂y }\]

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abb0t
  • abb0t
check your partial derivatives. they should match up
anonymous
  • anonymous
either that or your teacher is horrible and wants you to solve this another way ll
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
integrating factor!
anonymous
  • anonymous
But I couldn't find a suitable integrating factor... :'(
anonymous
  • anonymous
ah yes this is not an exact solution one
abb0t
  • abb0t
UnkleR is right. Find the integrating factor to make it exact.
anonymous
  • anonymous
That's why I tried that partial.. - partial.. / ... to find one..
anonymous
  • anonymous
is that a hint... try getting one in such that it looks like above
abb0t
  • abb0t
You were on the right path.
abb0t
  • abb0t
\[\frac{ M_y-N_x }{ -M }\]
abb0t
  • abb0t
That's your integrating factor.
anonymous
  • anonymous
The way I learn to get an integrating factor is by showing \(\frac{\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}-\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}}{N}\) or \(\frac{\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}-\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}}{M}\) equals to a function of x/y .. But for this (and the next question), I got troubles..
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
\[\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}\neq \frac{\partial N}{\partial x}\] \[R=R(x,y)=x^ny^m\] \[\frac{\partial R(x,y)M}{\partial y}= \frac{\partial R(x,y)N}{\partial x}\] \[R_y(x,y)M+R(x,y)\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}=R_x(x,y)N+R(x,y)\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
How... does... that... work...?
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
which bit
anonymous
  • anonymous
\[\frac{\partial R(x,y)M}{\partial y}= \frac{\partial R(x,y)N}{\partial x}\]And \[R_y(x,y)M+R(x,y)\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}=R_x(x,y)N+R(x,y)\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}\]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
well we want a integrating factor that will make the partial derivatives equal (which will makes the equation exact) applying the product rule for derivatives on both sides we get that last line i have used mixed notation for derivatives for some reason \[Z_w\leftrightarrow\frac{\partial Z}{\partial w}\](these mean the same thing, just written differently )
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
so you know \[R,M,N\]substitute these in
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
take the partial derivatives
anonymous
  • anonymous
Is R the integrating factor?
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
yes
anonymous
  • anonymous
So, I should multiply the equation by R, right?
anonymous
  • anonymous
\[R=x^ny^m\]\[M=2y^2-6xy\]\[N=3xy-4x^2\] \[\frac{\partial R}{\partial y} M + \frac{\partial M}{\partial y} R= \frac{\partial R}{\partial x} N+ \frac{\partial N}{\partial x}R\] \[LS\]\[=mx^ny^{m-1}(2y^2-6xy) + (4y-6x)x^ny^m\]\[=2mx^ny^{m+1}-6mx^{n+1}y^m + 4y^{m+1}x^n – 6x^{n+1}y^m\]\[(2m+4)x^ny^{m+1}-(6m+1)x^{n+1}y^m\] \[RS\]\[=nx^{n-1}y^m(3xy-4x^2) + (3y-8x)x^ny^m\]\[=3nx^ny^{m+1}-4nx^{n+1}y^m+3x^ny^{m+1} – 8x^{n+1}y^m\]\[(3n+3)x^ny^{m+1} – (4n+8)x^{n+1}y^m\] So, \[(2m+4)x^ny^{m+1}-(6m+1)x^{n+1}y^m = (3n+3)x^ny^{m+1} – (4n+8)x^{n+1}y^m\] 2m+4 = 3n+3 6m+1 = 4n+8 m=5/2 , n=2 But that is not right :\
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
hmm, i cannot see any error in your working , how do you know its not right?
anonymous
  • anonymous
Because the book whispered me the answer :(
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
\[\tiny \text{can you whisper it to me too please , }\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
\[\tiny \color{white}{\mu =xy} \]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
i see
hartnn
  • hartnn
\(\huge \color{red}{\mu =xy}\) now, i see also.
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
well we were close \[x^2y^{5/2}(2y^2 - 6xy)\text dx + x^2y^{5/2}(3xy-4x^2)\text dy =0\] \[(2x^2y^{9/2} - 6x^3y^{7/2})\text dx +(3x^3y^{7/2}-4x^4y^{5/2})\text dy =0\] \[\frac{\partial MR}{\partial y}=9x^2y^{7/2}-21x^3y^{5/2}\] \[\frac{\partial NR}{\partial x}=9x^2y^{7/2}-16x^3y^{5/2}\]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
\[21\sim16\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
I.... don't .... understand.... :(
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
\[R=\mu\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
Hmm... I should do it all over again?!
anonymous
  • anonymous
xy vs x^2 y^(5/2) They look too different to me!
hartnn
  • hartnn
life would be so much easier if we could use substitution...and not IF.
anonymous
  • anonymous
Then, this, again, proves that life is not easy :(
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
well i used 6 bits of paper , and got the same answer we had before, bother
anonymous
  • anonymous
6... bits?! of paper?! :(
hartnn
  • hartnn
\(LS=(2m+4)x^ny^{m+1}-(6m+6)x^{n+1}y^m\)
hartnn
  • hartnn
checking RS
hartnn
  • hartnn
2m+4 = 3n+3 6m+6 = 4n+8 m=1 n=1
hartnn
  • hartnn
just one silly mistale!
hartnn
  • hartnn
*mistake
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
oh
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
i see it now , such a tiny tiny mistale
hartnn
  • hartnn
thank you so much @UnkleRhaukus , i learned a new method today...R=x^m y^n
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
OK, so now we have the integrating factor \[R(x,y)=\mu(x,y)=xy\], lets integrate!
hartnn
  • hartnn
actually , i wanted to see the look at @RolyPoly face, when he/she finds out how \(\tiny tiny\) the error was :P
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
\[\int \mu N\text dx\]\[=\int (2xy^3−6x^2y^2)\text dx\]\[=x^2y^3-2x^3y^2+g(y)\] \[\int\mu M\text dy\]\[=\int(3x^2y^2−4x^3y)\text dy\]\[=x^2y^3-2x^3y^2+h(x)\] \[\implies g(y)=h(x)=0\] \[f(x,y)=x^2y^3-2x^3y^2=c\]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
or the other way \[f(x,y)=\int \mu N\text dx=x^2y^3-2x^3y^2+g(y)\] \[\frac{f(x,y)}{\text dy}=3x^2y^2-4x^3y+g'(y)=\mu M=3x^2y^2−4x^3y\] \[\implies g'(y)=0\]\[g(y)=c_1\] \[f(x,y)=x^2y^3-2x^3y^2+c_1=0\]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
\[c_1=-c\]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
woo!
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
wasn't that fun?
hartnn
  • hartnn
\[ \begin{array}l\color{red}{\text{y}}\color{orange}{\text{e}}\color{#e6e600}{\text{s}}\color{green}{\text{,}}\color{blue}{\text{ }}\color{purple}{\text{o}}\color{purple}{\text{f}}\color{red}{\text{c}}\color{orange}{\text{o}}\color{#e6e600}{\text{u}}\color{green}{\text{r}}\color{blue}{\text{s}}\color{purple}{\text{e}}\color{purple}{\text{ }}\color{red}{\text{:}}\color{orange}{\text{)}}\color{#e6e600}{\text{}}\end{array} \]
anonymous
  • anonymous
Mummy!!!! I want to die :'(
hartnn
  • hartnn
lol :P
hartnn
  • hartnn
plz don't die.
anonymous
  • anonymous
She! It's a she!
anonymous
  • anonymous
Thanks for rescue!!!! I'm sorry for my silly mistake!!
hartnn
  • hartnn
\[ \begin{array}l\color{red}{\text{w}}\color{orange}{\text{e}}\color{#e6e600}{\text{l}}\color{green}{\text{c}}\color{blue}{\text{o}}\color{purple}{\text{m}}\color{purple}{\text{e}}\color{red}{\text{ }}\color{orange}{\text{^}}\color{#e6e600}{\text{_}}\color{green}{\text{^}}\color{blue}{\text{}}\end{array} \]
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
*mistale
anonymous
  • anonymous
Hmmm.. So must I use \[\frac{\partial R}{\partial y} M + \frac{\partial M}{\partial y} R= \frac{\partial R}{\partial x} N+ \frac{\partial N}{\partial x}R\] to find R?! You know it's a pain :(
hartnn
  • hartnn
yes, it is pain, but there is different kind of pleasure when we arrive at correct answer after all that!
anonymous
  • anonymous
I must take this pain then.. Thanks again for all of your help!! Much appreciated!! (Btw, who wants the medal?)
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
if you were wondering what the solution 'looks' like ,...
1 Attachment
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
solutions*
anonymous
  • anonymous
Ugly :( How do you get the plot?
UnkleRhaukus
  • UnkleRhaukus
i used a graphing program ,
anonymous
  • anonymous
That is..?

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