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itzapizza Group Title

Why did Andrew Johnson face difficulty implementing his Reconstruction plans? (2 points) He had violated the Tenure of Office Act in removing his War Secretary. African Americans believed his plans were good but did not go far enough. He was not accepted by the Radical Republicans or by white Southerners. He wanted to destroy the Republican Party and punish the South.

  • one year ago
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  1. Jenn777 Group Title
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    Presidential Reconstruction Like Lincoln, Johnson wanted to restore the Union in as little time as possible. While Congress was in recess, the president began implementing his plans, which became known as Presidential Reconstruction. He returned confiscated property to white southerners, issued hundreds of pardons to former Confederate officers and government officials, and undermined the Freedmen’s Bureau by ordering it to return all confiscated lands to white landowners. Johnson also appointed governors to supervise the drafting of new state constitutions and agreed to readmit each state provided it ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery. Hoping that Reconstruction would be complete by the time Congress reconvened a few months later, he declared Reconstruction over at the end of 1865. The Joint Committee on Reconstruction Radical and moderate Republicans in Congress were furious that Johnson had organized his own Reconstruction efforts in the South without their consent. Johnson did not offer any security for former slaves, and his pardons allowed many of the same wealthy southern landowners who had held power before the war to regain control of the state governments. To challenge Presidential Reconstruction, Congress established the Joint Committee on Reconstruction in late 1865, and the committee began to devise stricter requirements for readmitting southern states.

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