anonymous
  • anonymous
Confirm that f and g are inverses by showing that f(g(x)) = x and g(f(x)) = x. f(x) = x^3 + 4 and g(x) = cube root of (x-4)
Mathematics
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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jamiebookeater
  • jamiebookeater
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ZeHanz
  • ZeHanz
So, first try f(g(x)), this means put the result of function g in function f:\[f(g(x))=\left( \sqrt[3]{x-4} \right)^3+4=...\]Can you see what the next step is?
anonymous
  • anonymous
no. :(
ZeHanz
  • ZeHanz
What is the definition of the 3rd root of a number?

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anonymous
  • anonymous
The number whose cube is equal to a given number
ZeHanz
  • ZeHanz
OK, but not only a given number, but the number from which you wanted to know the 3rd root: e.g: the 3rd root of 8 is 2, because: 2^3=8. So: the 3rd root of x-4 is p, then p³=x-4. So...\[(\sqrt[3]{x-4})^3=x-4\]by definition.
anonymous
  • anonymous
so that will get the expression out from under the radical
anonymous
  • anonymous
so i'll get x-4+4
anonymous
  • anonymous
or x-8
anonymous
  • anonymous
@ZeHanz am i correct?
ZeHanz
  • ZeHanz
You get x-4+4=x in my book...
anonymous
  • anonymous
oh srry
ZeHanz
  • ZeHanz
So we've done the first half of the proof. Now the second: put the result of f in g:\[g(f(x))=\sqrt[3]{x^3+4-4}\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
ok. thnx. but where did u get p from?
ZeHanz
  • ZeHanz
p is not important. You can name it anyway you want. Just look at it this way: say you've got a terribly complex expression, such as:\[3x^{23}-5x^{16}+\frac{ 1 }{ 2x }\] First, they want you to calculate the 3rd root of it. I really don't know what it would be, so let's call it p for now:\[p=\sqrt[3]{3x^{23}-5x^{16}+\frac{ 1 }{ 2x }}\]Looks awful, not? Now you have to calculate .... p³. Well, you don't have to think long about it, youve got your original complex expression back! The reason for this, that the 3rd root and the 3rd power are each other's inverse. This means: they undo each other's effect on numbers you put in!

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