Which experimental evidence supports Ernest Rutherford's theory that the atom is mostly empty space?
Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
Hey! We 've verified this expert answer for you, click below to unlock the details :)
At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga.
Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus.
Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.
I got my questions answered at brainly.com in under 10 minutes. Go to brainly.com now for free help!
Let me explain in detail........
Ernest Rutherford had the idea of probing inside the atom using alpha-particles.He bombarded thin foil of gold with high speed alpha-particles.The direction in which an alpha-particle move was detected with the help of a florescent screen coated with ZnS. When alpha-particles hit florescent screen tiny pin point of light can be observed through the microscope.
01.Most of the alpha-particles passed through the foil without deflection and struck ZnS screen at its center.
02.A few of these were deflected at very large angle from their original direction.
03.A very few particles(one in every 1000) were even turned back on their path.
Rutherford interpreted these observations from the above.
01.Passing of most of alpha-particles through the metal foil indicated that atom is extraordinarily hollow with a lot of empty space inside.
02.A few of them were deflected from their original path through large angles, this suggested that the center of the atom must be positively charged particles.
03.A very few of alpha-particles even turned back on their path which indicated that the alpha-particles struck the nucleus head-on and the nucleus is rigid.