Quantcast

A community for students. Sign up today!

Here's the question you clicked on:

55 members online
  • 0 replying
  • 0 viewing

Hesan

  • one year ago

Describe the main forces that occur between molecules of butane and explain how they arrive?

  • This Question is Closed
  1. matt101
    • one year ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 1

    The main intermolecular forces between molecules of butane are London dispersion forces (Van der Waals forces). Although butane is nonpolar, the movement of electrons in their orbitals means that extremely brief, weak dipoles form (i.e. at any given time, the part of the orbital with the electron is "more negative" and the part of the orbital without the electron is "more positive"). These temporary dipoles allow different molecules of butane to interact with one another. Although they are very weak and short-lived, when you consider all the temporary dipoles that are constantly forming and disappearing along the entire butane molecule, you can see it becomes a significant force.

  2. kayluhhrubio_14
    • one year ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    H3C-CH2-CH2-CH3 ion-ion bonds: not an ion ion-dipole bonds: not an ion and no dipole dipole-dipole bonds: butane is nonpolar, so no dipole Hydrogen bonds: does not contain H bonded to F,O, or N therefore the only intramolecular bonds remaining are the weakest of the weak - london dispersion forces (aka Van Der Waals). These are randomly induced dipole attractions that happen when the electrons that move around randomly just happen to have a higher concentration at one end of the molecule. This causes dipoles to form in adjacent molecules, which induce dipoles in molecules next to them. these forces are very weak, but still play a part in raising the boiling point of butane.

  3. Hesan
    • one year ago
    Best Response
    You've already chosen the best response.
    Medals 0

    Ok thanks..! The same question regarding butane which i don't understand is: Ques: A canister of gas, as used in camping stoves, contains mainly butane under sufficient pressure to cause it to liquify partially, would you expect the gas in the canister to behave as an ideal gas? Explain

  4. Not the answer you are looking for?
    Search for more explanations.

    • Attachments:

Ask your own question

Ask a Question
Find more explanations on OpenStudy

Your question is ready. Sign up for free to start getting answers.

spraguer (Moderator)
5 → View Detailed Profile

is replying to Can someone tell me what button the professor is hitting...

23

  • Teamwork 19 Teammate
  • Problem Solving 19 Hero
  • You have blocked this person.
  • ✔ You're a fan Checking fan status...

Thanks for being so helpful in mathematics. If you are getting quality help, make sure you spread the word about OpenStudy.

This is the testimonial you wrote.
You haven't written a testimonial for Owlfred.