Got Homework?
Connect with other students for help. It's a free community.
Here's the question you clicked on:
 0 viewing
Can anyone explain how to differentiate exponential functions? I have the Calc 1 basic knowledge so I know the main differentiation rules (ie. 4x^2=8x) and I also know the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division rules as well
 one year ago
 one year ago
Can anyone explain how to differentiate exponential functions? I have the Calc 1 basic knowledge so I know the main differentiation rules (ie. 4x^2=8x) and I also know the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division rules as well
 one year ago
 one year ago

This Question is Closed

incomplteBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
You already have all the tools you need for differentiation. Do you have a specific example?
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\large y=2^x\]Hmm so the variable is in the exponent position. That poses a problem. We can't apply the Power Rule that you may have learned at this point. We have to introduce logarithms in order to get the variable OUT of the exponent position.
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
I have e^5 and it says the answer is 0 but I don't understand why that is. and there are a couple others I don't get. Bc my book says that the exponential function is itself. Why wouldn't it be just f'(x)= e^5?
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
They're pulling a trick on you. See how e^5 contains no variable? It's just a fancy fancy looking CONSTANT, all dressed up in a suit.
 one year ago

incomplteBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
lol @zepdrix has explained it better than i would
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\large f(x)=e^5 \qquad \qquad \rightarrow \qquad \qquad f(x)=148.4\]See how the derivative is going to turn out? :) What happens when you take the derivative of a constant?
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
\[e^{2x}\div e^{4x ^{2}} + \cos(e ^{7x})\]
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
it approaches infinity?
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
that was me answering the post before i posted that big equation @zepdrix
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
i think i answered wrong lol
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Nooo silly! :O That's one of those main derivative rules that you want to know at this point! :) A constant will give you 0 when you differentiate it. A derivative measures change. A constant is something that stays constant, doesn't change. So how much does `something that doesn't change` ... change? zerooooOooOO!
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
What do we need to do with the big messy problem? Take it's derivative?
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
That's right sorry, see the problem i have is answering questions that are put in to words haha but a lot of people struggle with that, exactly why i hate optimization problems = ( but yes derivative of a constant is 0. So why wouldn't it be 1 then? Isn't anything to the 0 power 1?
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
And differentiate it
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
taking the derivative and differentiating are the same thing right?
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Yes, just fancy words ^^
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
ok that's what i thought lol
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
So I have the answer for the big equation from my neighbors notes but it doesn't make sense to me so that's why I want to ask about it = )
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
We can think about it like this, maybe this will help, maybe not :)\[\large f(x)=e^5\]See how there is no X value in the equation? Let's introduce an X.\[\large f(x)=(e^5)x^0\] \(x^0\) is just \(1\) right? So we're allowed to do that. We're just multiplying it by 1. Taking the derivative (applying the power rule to the x term) gives us,\[\large f'(x)=0(e^5)x^{01}\]We have a 0 coming down be multiplied by everything, that's going to turn the whole thing to 0. Maybe you're just getting confused by the e term. It contains no X's. We won't be trying to take it's derivative by applying the \(e^x\) rule.
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Ok ok big question time c:
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
ok that makes sense = ) ty! and yes now to the big one lol
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
hold on lol cos is in the denominator with e to the 4x^2
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\huge \frac{e^{2x}}{e^{4x^2}+\cos(e^{7x})}\]Ah ok so it is messy :) We'll need to apply the quotient rule.
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\large \left(\frac{u}{v}\right)'=\frac{u'vuv'}{v^2}\]
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
right that's what they did with it = ) that's where I got confused, not with the actual rule but u'
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\huge \left(e^{2x}\right)'=e^{2x}(2x)'\]So we'll apply the e^x rule, but since we have more than just x in the exponent, we have to apply the chain rule. The prime on the brackets is to show that we need to take it's derivative still.
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Remember how to do the chain rule? c:
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\huge \left(e^{2x}\right)'=e^{2x}(2)\]Any confusion on that one? c:
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
oh wow i think i just had a mental click lmfao
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
lol XD those are always fun.
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
hold on let me look at the problem and answer one more time lol
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
omg I'm so dumb lol Idk if its bc how you explained it or if I was just looking at it blindly lol omg you were such a great help either way lol
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Chain rule can be a little confusing at first. You're essentially making a 'copy' of the inner function and then taking its derivative, which can seem a little strange c:
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
but I do have another one lol it says \[\lim_{x \rightarrow \infty} (1.001)^{x}\] and it says the answer is infinity, why is that?
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
oh and then one more after that lol but i think it may be pretty easy haha
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Just plug in a really big value for x and you'll see where it's heading! :) If x=99999\[\large 1.001^{99999}=2.55 \times 10^{43}\]
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Since the base is LARGER than 1, and our exponent is positive, the value will explode.
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
What if you had,\[\large \lim_{x \rightarrow \infty} (.999)^x\]
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
so really big x values = really big y values
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
yah c: As x approaches infinity, y is approaching infinity. In that first case.
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
I used a calculator but the bigger x gets the closer y goes to 0 for the second part
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
In this second case, see how the BASE is less than 1? When we raise it to larger and larger powers it will get smaller and smaller and smaller. Imagine multiplying fractions. They get smaller! c: \[\large \dfrac{1}{2}\cdot \dfrac{1}{2} \quad = \quad \dfrac{1}{4}\]
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
so in that case it would go to infinity
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
That's a good strategy with limits. If you're ever confused, just plug numbers in to see what happens.
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Noooo :D An exponential can't go in the negative! :O
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
or wait it would go to 0 not infinity right bc yeah what you just said haha
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
ok and so for the last one, well at least for now haha It says find the exponential function f(x)=Ca^{x} whose graph is given. It then has two problems... it shows you a graph from the exponent family and gives you two points on the graph, the first problem gives you the points: (1,6) and (3,24) I set the problem up as y=Ca^{x} and plugged 6 (the first yvalue) in for y and then plugged 1 into the x. It says the answer is 3*2^{x}. So then I looked at the second point. I did the same thing as I did with the first pair but I couldn't see how you could figure it out without doing trial and error. The second problem gave the two points (2,2/9) and a yintersect at 2. So I tried the same approach with the first pair and got 2*(1/3)^{x} as the answer but I'm not sure if that's correct
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
I feel the second answer I arrived at might be correct because a fraction with an exponent has a graph that is decreasing which the graph is decreasing in the picture of the second problem's graph @zepdrix
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Ok simmer down :O Let's look at the first one a sec.
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\large f(x)=Ca^x\]\[\large f(1)=6 \qquad \rightarrow \qquad 6=Ca^1\]\[f(3)=24 \qquad \rightarrow \qquad 24=Ca^{3}\]So this is where you got stuck on the first one?
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
We have to perform a little sneaky trick at this point! We'll DIVIDE our f values.\[\large \frac{f(3)}{f(1)} \qquad \rightarrow\qquad \frac{24}{6}=\frac{Ca^3}{Ca^1}\]We get a nice cancellation with the C's allowing us to solve for a.\[\large \frac{24}{6}=\frac{\cancel{C}a^3}{\cancel{C}a^1}\]
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
\[\large 4=a^2 \qquad \rightarrow \qquad a=2\]
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
ok that makes sense = ) is that a property or a rule?
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
It's this really fancy thing called "division" :3
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
or what i mean to say is how did you know to divide the points' equations hahahaha
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
Well here is something to think about. When you get to this point,\[\large 6=Ca^1\]\[\large 24=Ca^3\] You have a SYSTEM of equations. To be more specific, you have 2 equations and 2 unknowns. Since the number of unknowns does not exceed the number of equations given, we can find solutions for each unknown. Remember back to algebra, doing Substitution and Elimination? This is just another silly trick to add to your list. I'm not really sure what it's called though XD
 one year ago

zepdrixBest ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1
We could have also done substition to get the same result though :)
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
like solve for C in one of the problems and then plug it into the other equation?
 one year ago

bettyboop8904Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0
ok good i think i got it = ) thank you so much for all your help! = D
 one year ago
See more questions >>>
Your question is ready. Sign up for free to start getting answers.
spraguer
(Moderator)
5
→ View Detailed Profile
is replying to Can someone tell me what button the professor is hitting...
23
 Teamwork 19 Teammate
 Problem Solving 19 Hero
 Engagement 19 Mad Hatter
 You have blocked this person.
 ✔ You're a fan Checking fan status...
Thanks for being so helpful in mathematics. If you are getting quality help, make sure you spread the word about OpenStudy.