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It looks like you're learning about the CONDITIONAL tense, in Spanish.
The CONDITIONAL tense is where we pair a verb with the word "would."
Here are some examples of the conditional tense, in English:
"I WOULD GO to the park, if it were sunny."
"He WOULD EAT his lunch, if he were hungry."
"You WOULD VISIT me, if you had time."
Forming the conditional, in Spanish, is pretty easy.
We can do it in two simple steps:
1. Take the infinitive form of the verb that we're conjugating.
2. Add the right kind of ending, onto the end of the infinitive verb.
Here, I'll show you the different endings we can add, onto the end of the word.
It all depends on the form we're trying to say (like YOU would, or I would, or HE would).
I'll use the verb IR (to go), as an example.
(Yo) ... iría --- (I) would go
(Tú) ... irías --- (You) would go
(él/ella/usted) ... iría --- (He/She) would go
(Nosotros) ... iríamos --- (We) would go
(Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) ... irían --- (They) would go
So here are all the endings that we could add onto the end of IR:
ía (yo form)
ías (tu form)
ía (el/ella/usted form)
íamos (nosotros form)
ían (ellos form)
Just five different endings. All we have to do is memorize them.
Let's look at the first question: "Yo soy."
We have to change SOY into the its CONDITIONAL YO form.
Let's go through our two easy steps again.
Step 1: Take the infinitive form.
The infinitive form of SOY is SER.
Step 2: Add the right ending onto the infinitive.
The YO CONDITIONAL ending for YO form verbs is.....( ía ).
Now, we have "sería."
"Yo sería" means "I would be."
We just did the first one!
I need to tell you about #2, #3, and #4, on your problem set.
They're all a little irregular.
Take a look at #2.
It says "tu pones."
The infinitive form of PONES is PONER.
But in order to make the infinitive, we would not start with PONER.
We have to start with "PONDR"
So, take PONDR,
and add the correct conditional ending onto that.
You would be looking for the TU ending, on the conditional tense list.
"Yo pondría" means "I would put."
That's not the actual answer to this question,
but hopefully you get the idea, of how to start with PONDR.
Same with #3.
The infinitive form of VIENE is VENIR.
But when we conjugate VENIR into the conditional, we start with VENDR.
Same with #4.
The infinitive form of SALIMOS is SALIR.
But we would actually need to start with SALDR,
and add the right ending onto that.