anonymous
  • anonymous
Can someone explain me this trigonometric substitution
Mathematics
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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katieb
  • katieb
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anonymous
  • anonymous
http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=integral+of+%281%2F%28x%5E3*sqrt%28x%5E2-25%29%29%29dx
anonymous
  • anonymous
so what i am confused is on how someone went from
anonymous
  • anonymous
|dw:1359567855994:dw|

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anonymous
  • anonymous
to the solution
anonymous
  • anonymous
i think you have to log in to wolfram before you can see the steps
anonymous
  • anonymous
we get sin taking the integral of cos?
shubhamsrg
  • shubhamsrg
Yes I can't see the steps.
shubhamsrg
  • shubhamsrg
Was the substitution x = 5 siny ?
anonymous
  • anonymous
yea you have to log in for that i think and it would take me a year to type the solutions here XD
anonymous
  • anonymous
so someone with wolfram account tell me how they went from that step to the solution
anonymous
  • anonymous
1 Attachment
shubhamsrg
  • shubhamsrg
Leme try anyways, let x= 5secy => dx= 5 secy tany dy so we have inside integral 5 secy tany dy/( 125 sec^3 y ( -25 + 25sec^2 y)^1/2) => 5sec y tany dy/( 625 sec^3 y (tan^2 y)^1/2 ) => 1/125 ( dy/sec^2y)) or simply cos^2y dy Am I right so far ?
anonymous
  • anonymous
i got a better way for you to see the solutions this is part 2 of the solution
1 Attachment
anonymous
  • anonymous
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anonymous
  • anonymous
theres all the steps to the solution can you take me from that 0/250 + sin20/500 + c to the solution
anonymous
  • anonymous
and yes you are right with your steps
anonymous
  • anonymous
so from the integral of (1/125)(cos^20d0) you do the half angle formula to get integral of (1/125)(1+cos20)/2dp then you split and get 0/250 + sin2(theta)/500 + c so my question if how you get from here to the answer
anonymous
  • anonymous
|dw:1359570048133:dw|
anonymous
  • anonymous
i get the second part where it is the inverse of sec-1 (x/5) but i dont get where they got the 5sqrt(x^2) stuff from
anonymous
  • anonymous
|dw:1359570931896:dw| the stuff i dont get is in that box in case you are still confused on what i am confused about
phi
  • phi
you are asking about \[ \frac{1}{2} \sin(2 u)\] with \[ u= \sec^{-1}\left(\frac{x}{5}\right) \] In terms of cosine, rather than secant, we can say \[ u= \cos^{-1}\left(\frac{5}{x}\right) \] If we take the hypotenuse to be x, in a triangle with side 5 |dw:1359572361980:dw| the other side is \( \sqrt{x^2-25} \) Using these sides, we have \[ \cos u = \frac{5}{x} \] and \[ \sin u = \frac{\sqrt{x^2-25}}{x} \] sin(2u) = 2 sin(u) cos(u) sub in the above definitions wolfram then multiplied by sqrt(x^2)/x (why?) to get your boxed expression

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