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# Session 20 - Examples: Velocity, Speed and Arc Length In #2 in this PDF how does 2a get reduced to 2a (sin^2(θ/2))^1/2? I assume we start by squaring sin^2(θ/2) and sin(θ/2)cos(θ/2) and then taking the square root of the sums, yes? If yes I can reduce sin^2(θ/2) down to itself but I cannot seem to get rid of sin(θ/2)cos(θ/2)? My steps are: 1. Take the square root of the sum of (sin^2(θ/2))^2 + ((sin(θ/2)cos(θ/2))^2 2. Square root of: (1/2[1-cos(θ)])^2 + (1/2sin(θ))^2 3. Square root of: (sin^2(θ/2))^2 + (1/2sin(θ))^2 I'm stuck here.

OCW Scholar - Multivariable Calculus